DEGREE PROGRAMS
SECTION 7
 
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DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY

Ronald J. Newton, Chairperson, BN-108 Howell Science Complex

Charles A. Singhas, Director of Undergraduate Studies, BN-108C Howell Science Complex

CORE CURRICULUM

The core curriculum in biology is intended to give all biology majors a background in molecular biology, diversity, environmental biology, and genetics. BIOL 1100, 1200, 2250, 2251, 2300 constitute the core curriculum.  A choice of electives permits a student to pursue in depth an area or areas of particular interest.  A maximum of 6 s.h. of credit in BIOL 3550, 4504, 4514, 4550, 5995 may be counted for credit toward a BS in biology or a BSB in biochemistry.  Lecture courses having laboratory components that carry independent credit may or may not be required as corequisites.  (See appropriate catalog descriptions.)  Laboratory components carrying no credit are corequisites.  Minimum degree requirement is 126 s.h. of credit.

BS IN BIOLOGY

1.
General education (See Section 6, Undergraduate Studies, Requirements for Baccalaureate Degree Programs.), including those listed below.
CHEM 1150, 1151. General Chemistry and Laboratory I (3,1) (F,S,SS) (GE:SC) (P: Chemistry placement test or passing grade in CHEM 0150; P/C: MATH 1065)
CHEM 1160, 1161. General Chemistry and Laboratory II (3,1) (F,S,SS) (GE:SC) (P: CHEM 1150, 1151; RC: MATH 1075 or 1085)
MATH 1065. College Algebra (3) (F,S,SS) (GE:MA) (P: Appropriate score on mathematics placement test)
42 s.h.
2.
Core.
BIOL 1100, 1101. Principles of Biology I (4,0) (F,S,SS) (GE:SC) 
BIOL 1200, 1201. Principles of Biology II (4,0) (F,S,SS) (GE:SC)
BIOL 2250. Ecology (3) (F,S,SS) (P: BIOL 1100, 1101, 1200, 1201)
BIOL 2251. Ecology Laboratory (1) (F,S,SS)(P: BIOL 1100, 1101, 1200, 1201; C: BIOL 2250)
BIOL 2300. Principles of Genetics (3) (F,S,SS) (P: 2 BIOL courses)
15 s.h.
3.
Recommended electives. The following elective areas are recommended to guide students in choosing biology electives consistent with their academic goals.  Students may concentrate in one of the specified areas, below, or choose a more general course of study.  (BIOL 3550, 4504, 4514, 4550, 5995 may be repeated only once.  A maximum of 6 s.h. may be used toward biology electives.)
Ecology/Environmental Biology:
Choose one from:
BIOL 3310, 3311. Cellular Physiology (4,0) (F,S,SS)  (P: 1 organic CHEM or biochemistry course)
BIOL 3320. Principles of Animal Physiology (3) (F,S,SS) (P: 2000-level organic CHEM or biochemistry course)
BIOL 3321. Principles of Animal Physiology Laboratory (1) (C: BIOL 3320)
Choose one from:
BIOL 4200, 4201. Population and Community Ecology (4,0) (4200:WI) (S) (P: BIOL 2250, 2251, 2300; CHEM 1150, 1151; RP: CHEM 1160, 1161; MATH 2121 or one statistics course)
BIOL 4300, 4301. Ecosystem Ecology (4,0) (WI) (F) (P: BIOL 2250, 2251)
Choose one from:
BIOL 3070, 3071. Survey of Plants and Fungi (4,0) (P: 3 s.h. of science with a lab)
BIOL 3230, 3231. Field Botany (4,0) (F,S,SS) (P: 3 s.h. of general biology with a lab)
BIOL 5230, 5231. Phycology (4,0) (P: BIOL 1200, 1201)
Choose one from: 
BIOL 3240, 3241. Field Zoology (4,0) (F) (P: BIOL 1060 or 2250)
BIOL 5070, 5071. Ornithology (4,0) (F) (P: 8 s.h. in BIOL)
BIOL 5150, 5151. Herpetology (4,0) (S) (P: 8 s.h. in BIOL)
BIOL 5200, 5201. Invertebrate Zoology (4,0) (F) (P: 6 s.h. in BIOL) 
BIOL 5550, 5551. Ichthyology (4,0) (F)
BIOL 5640, 5641. Entomology (4,0) (F) (P: Twelve s.h. in BIOL)
Choose electives from: 
BIOL 3660. Introduction to Marine Biology (3) (F,S,SS) (P/C: BIOL 2250, 2251)
BIOL 3661. Introduction to Marine Biology Laboratory (1) (F,S) (C: BIOL 3660)
BIOL 5220, 5221. Limnology (4,0) (S) (P: BIOL 2250, 2251; or consent of instructor) 
BIOL 5260, 5261. Microbial Ecology (4,0) (S) (P: BIOL 2250, 2251, 3220, 3221; or consent of instructor) 
BIOL 5270. Marine Community Ecology (3) (S) (P: BIOL 2250, 2251; or consent of instructor) 
BIOL 5351. Biological Processes and the Chemistry of Natural Water (2) (S) (P: BIOL 2250, 2251; 2 CHEM courses; or consent of instructor) 
BIOL 5730, 5731. Animal Physiological Ecology (4,0) (S) (P: BIOL 2250, 2251; 3310, 3311 or 3320, 3321 or 5800; or consent of instructor) 
Marine Biology:
BIOL 3660. Introduction to Marine Biology (3) (F,S,SS) (P/C: BIOL 2250, 2251)
BIOL 3661. Introduction to Marine Biology Laboratory (1) (F,S)  (C: BIOL 3660)
BIOL 5200, 5201. Invertebrate Zoology (4,0) (F) (P: 6 s.h. in BIOL) 
BIOL 5270. Marine Community Ecology (3) (S) (P: BIOL 2250, 2251; or consent of instructor) 
BIOL 5550, 5551. Ichthyology (4,0) (F)
BIOL 5600, 5601. Fisheries Techniques (3,0) (F,S) (F) (P: BIOL 2250, 2251; or equivalent)
BIOL 5680. Current Topics in Coastal Biology (2) (S) (P: Consent of instructor) 
GEOL 1550. Oceanography (4) (S) (GE:SC)
Choose a minimum of 5 s.h. from: 
BIOL 5220, 5221. Limnology (4,0) (S) (P: BIOL 2250, 2251; or consent of instructor) 
BIOL 5230, 5231. Phycology (4,0) (P: BIOL 1200, 1201)
BIOL 5351. Biological Processes and the Chemistry of Natural Water (2) (S) (P: BIOL 2250, 2251; 2 CHEM courses; or consent of instructor) 
GEOL 5300. Geology of Coastal Processes and Environments (3) (S) (P: GEOL 1550, 4010, 4011; or consent of instructor) 
Microbiology:
BIOL 2250, 2251. Ecology and Ecology Laboratory (3,1) (F,S,SS) or BIOL 5260, 5261. Microbial Ecology (4,0) (P: BIOL 2250, 2251, 3220, 3221; or consent of instructor) 
BIOL 3100, 3101. Basic Laboratory Methods for Biotechnology (3,0) (F,SS) (P: BIOL 2300; CHEM 1160, 1161)
BIOL 3220, 3221. Microbiology (4,0) (F) (P: BIOL 1200, 1201; 1 organic CHEM course)
BIOL 5190. Immunology (3) (F) (P: BIOL 2300, 3220, 3221)
BIOL 5800. Principles of Biochemistry I (3) (F,S) (P: CHEM 2760, 2763) or BIOL 5810. Principles of Biochemistry II (3) (F,S) (P: CHEM 2760, 2763)
BIOL 5821. Principles of Biochemistry Laboratory (1) (F,S) (P/C: BIOL 5800 or 5810)
BIOL 5870. Molecular Genetics (3) (F) (P: BIOL 2300; RP: BIOL 3220, 3221, 5810)
Choose electives from: 
BIOL 4504, 4514. Research Problems in Biology (2,2) (WI, WI) (F,S,SS) (P: Consent of instructor) 
BIOL 5890. Virology (3) (S,SS) (P: BIOL 3220, 3221; or consent of instructor) 
Molecular Biology and Biotechnology
BIOL 3100, 3101. Basic Laboratory Methods for Biotechnology (3,0) (F,SS) (P: BIOL 2300; CHEM 1160, 1161)
BIOL 3220, 3221. Microbiology (4,0) (F) (P: BIOL 1200, 1201; 1 organic CHEM course)
BIOL 5800, 5810. Principles of Biochemistry I, II (3,3) (F,S) (P: CHEM 2760, 2763)
BIOL 5821. Principles of Biochemistry Laboratory (1) (F,S) (P/C: BIOL 5800 or 5810)
(BIOL 3310, 3311 may be substituted for BIOL 5800, 5810, 5821 by students who do not intend to seek advanced degrees.)
Choose electives from: 
BIOL 4504, 4514. Research Problems in Biology (2,2) (WI, WI) (F,S,SS) (P: Consent of instructor)
BIOL 5190. Immunology (3) (F) (P: BIOL 2300, 3220, 3221)
BIOL 5260, 5261. Microbial Ecology (4,0) (S) (P: BIOL 2250, 2251, 3220, 3221; or consent of instructor) 
BIOL 5510, 5511. Transmission Electron Microscopy (4) (S) (P: Senior standing as a BIOL major or consent of instructor) 
BIOL 5520, 5521. Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Analysis (2,0) (F,SS) (P: Senior standing as a BIOL major or consent of instructor) 
BIOL 5870. Molecular Genetics (3) (F) (P: BIOL 2300; RP: BIOL 3220, 3221, 5810)
BIOL 5890. Virology (3) (S,SS) (P: BIOL 3220, 3221; or consent of instructor) 
BIOL 5900, 5901. Biotechniques and Laboratory (2,3) (S) (P: BIOL 3100, 3101, 5870; consent; RP: BIOL 5810)
BIOL 5930, 5931. Microcomputer Applications in Molecular Biology (2,0)  (P: BIOL 3310, 3311; or 5810 or 5870)
Physiology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology:
Choose three from:
BIOL 3220, 3221. Microbiology (4,0) (F) (P: BIOL 1200, 1201; 1 organic CHEM course)
BIOL 4060, 4061. Embryology (4,0) (P: BIOL 2300)
BIOL 5190. Immunology (3) (F) (P: BIOL 2300, 3220, 3221)
BIOL 5450, 5451. Histology (4,0) (F) (P: 4 BIOL courses)
BIOL 5480, 5481. Cytology (2,2)  (P: 12 s.h. in BIOL)
BIOL 5870. Molecular Genetics (3) (F) (P: BIOL 2300; RP: BIOL 3220, 3221, 5810)
Choose a minimum of two from:
BIOL 3310, 3311. Cellular Physiology (4,0) (F,S,SS) (P: 1 organic CHEM or biochemistry course)
BIOL 3320. Principles of Animal Physiology (3) (F,S,SS) (P: 2000-level organic CHEM or biochemistry course)
BIOL 3321. Principles of Animal Physiology Laboratory (1) (F,S,SS) (C: BIOL 3320)
BIOL 4050, 4051. Comparative Anatomy (4,0) (F) (P: 6 s.h. in BIOL)
Biology electives
25 s.h.
4.
Cognates.
CHEM 2750. Organic Chemistry I (3) (F,S,SS) (P: CHEM 1160, 1161)
CHEM 2753. Organic Chemistry Laboratory I (1) (F,S,SS) (C: CHEM 2750)
CHEM 2760. Organic Chemistry II (3) (F,S,SS) (P: CHEM 2750; C: CHEM 2762 or 2763)
CHEM 2763. Organic Chemistry Laboratory II (1) (F,S,SS) (P: CHEM 2750, 2753; C: CHEM 2760)
MATH 2121. Calculus for the Life Sciences I (3) (F,S,SS) (GE:MA) (P: MATH 1065 or 1077 with a minimum grade of C)
MATH 2122. Calculus for the Life Sciences II (3) (F,S,SS) (P: MATH 2121)
PHYS 1250, 1260. General Physics (3,3) (F,S,SS) (GE:SC) (P for 1250: MATH 1065 or 1066; P for 1260: PHYS 1250)
PHYS 1251, 1261. General Physics Laboratory (1,1) (F,S,SS) (GE:SC) (C for 1251: PHYS 1250 or 2350; C for 1261: 1260 or 2260)
22 s.h.
5.
Research skills (Choose one area.). Students contemplating graduate school should consider admission requirements before selecting a research skills area.
  1. Foreign language through level 1003.
  2. Quantitative and Communication Skills (1 course each in scientific writing, statistics, and computer programming.) Recommended courses:
    ENGL 3820. Scientific Writing (3) (WI) (F,S,SS) (P: ENGL 1200) or ITEC 3290. Technical Writing (3) (WI) (F,S,SS) (P: ENGL 1200)  or a course in scientific writing
    MATH 2228. Elementary Statistical Methods I (3) (F,S,SS) (P: MATH 1065 or equivalent)
    DSCI 2223. Introduction to Computers (3) (F,S,SS) or CSCI 2510. Introduction to Computer Science I (3) (F,S,SS) (P: MATH 1065 or 1066) or ACCT 2401. Financial Accounting (3) (F,S,SS) (P: MATH 1065 or 1066)
  3. Relevant cognate area–courses chosen to meet this requirement must be planned through consultation with a faculty adviser and approved in advance by the dept chair and the dept director of undergraduate studies. 
  4. Recommended for microbiology and molecular biology/biotechnology:
    CHEM 2250, 2251. Quantitative and Instrumental Analysis (3,2) (WI, WI) (F,S) (P: CHEM 1160, 1161; 1 organic CHEM course)
    DSCI 2223. Introduction to Computers (3) (F,S,SS) or CSCI 2510. Introduction to Computer Science I (3) (F,S,SS) (P: MATH 1065 or 1066) or ACCT 2401. Financial Accounting (3) (F,S,SS) (P: MATH 1065 or 1066)
8-9 s.h.
6.

Electives to complete requirements for graduation.

 

BS IN BIOCHEMISTRY

Minimum degree requirement is 126 s.h. of credit as follows:

1.
General education (See Section 6, Undergraduate Studies, Requirements for Baccalaureate Degree Programs.), including those listed below.
CHEM 1150, 1151. General Chemistry and Laboratory I (3,1) (F,S,SS) (GE:SC) (P: Chemistry placement test or passing grade in CHEM 0150; P/C: MATH 1065)
CHEM 1160, 1161. General Chemistry and Laboratory II (3,1) (F,S,SS) (GE:SC) (P: CHEM 1150, 1151; RC: MATH 1075 or 1085)
MATH 1065. College Algebra (3) (F,S,SS) (GE:MA) (P: Appropriate score on mathematics placement test)
42 s.h.
2.
Core.
Biology:
BIOL 1100, 1101. Principles of Biology I (4,0) (F,S,SS) (GE:SC)
BIOL 1200, 1201. Principles of Biology II (4,0) (F,S,SS) (GE:SC)
BIOL 2300. Principles of Genetics (3) (F,S,SS) (P: 2 BIOL courses)
BIOL 5800, 5810. Principles of Biochemistry I, II (3,3) (F,S) (P: CHEM 2760, 2763)
BIOL 5821. Principles of Biochemistry Laboratory I (1) (F,S) (P/C: BIOL 5800 or 5810)
Chemistry:
CHEM 2250, 2251. Quantitative and Instrumental Analysis (3,2) (WI, WI) (F,S) (P: CHEM 1160, 1161; one organic CHEM course)
CHEM 2750. Organic Chemistry I (3) (F,S,SS) (P: CHEM 1160, 1161)
CHEM 2753. Organic Chemistry Laboratory I (1) (F,S,SS) (C: CHEM 2750)
CHEM 2760. Organic Chemistry II (3) (F,S,SS) (P: CHEM 2750; C: CHEM 2762 or 2763)
CHEM 2763. Organic Chemistry Laboratory II (1) (F,S,SS) (P: CHEM 2750, 2753; C: CHEM 2760)
CHEM 3950, 3951. Physical Chemistry and Laboratory I (4,1) (WI, WI) (S) (P: PHYS 1261, 2360; MATH 2173; CHEM 2250, 2251)
CHEM 3960, 3961. Physical Chemistry and Laboratory II (4,1) (WI, WI) (F) (P: CHEM 3950, 3951)
41 s.h.
3.
Cognates.
MATH 1085. Pre-Calculus Mathematics (5) (F,S,SS) (GE:MA) (P: MATH 1065 with a minimum grade of C)
MATH 2171, 2172, 2173. Calculus I, II, III (4,4,4) (F,S,SS)  (GE:MA) (P for 2171: MATH 1085 or 2122 with a minimum grade of C; P for 2172: MATH 2122 with a minimum grade of C or MATH 2171; P for 2173MATH 2172)
PHYS 1251, 1261. General Physics Laboratory (1,1) (F,S,SS) (GE:SC) (C for 1251: PHYS 1250 or 2350; C for 1261: 1260 or 2260)
PHYS 2350, 2360. University Physics (4,4) (F,S,SS) (GE:SC) (P: MATH 1085; C: MATH 2121 or 2171)
27 s.h.
4.
Electives (Choose from the following.).
BIOL 3100, 3101. Basic Laboratory Methods for Biotechnology (3,0) (F,SS) (P: BIOL 2300; CHEM 1160, 1161)
BIOL 3220, 3221. Microbiology (4,0) (F) (P: BIOL 1200, 1201; 1 organic CHEM course)
BIOL 5510, 5511. Transmission Electron Microscopy (4) (S) (P: Senior standing as a BIOL major or consent of instructor) 
BIOL 5520, 5521. Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Analysis (2,0) (F,SS) (P: Senior standing as a BIOL major or consent of instructor) 
BIOL 5870. Molecular Genetics (3) (F) (P: BIOL 2300; RP: BIOL 3220, 3221, 5810)
BIOL 5900, 5901. Biotechniques and Laboratory (2,3) (S) (P: BIOL 3100, 3101, 5870; consent; RP: BIOL 5810)
CSCI 2510. Introduction to Computer Science I (3) (F,S,SS) (P: MATH 1065 or 1066) or ACCT 2401. Financial Accounting (3) (F,S,SS) (P: MATH 1065 or 1066) 
MATH 4331. Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations (3) (F,S) (P: MATH 2173)
9 s.h.
5.
Electives to complete requirements for graduation.  

BIOLOGY MINOR

Minimum requirement for biology minor is 24 s.h. of credit as follows:

1.
Core.
BIOL 1100, 1101. Principles of Biology I (4,0) (F,S,SS) (GE:SC)
BIOL 1200, 1201. Principles of Biology II (4,0) (F,S,SS) (GE:SC)
BIOL 2250, 2251. Ecology and Ecology Laboratory (3,1) (F,S,SS)
BIOL 2300. Principles of Genetics (3) (F,S,SS) (P: 2 BIOL courses)
15 s.h.
2.
BIOL electives.
9 s.h.

Minor programs consisting of course sequences in particular areas that include a minimum of 24 s.h. can be arranged with the approval of the biology undergraduate curriculum committee.

 BIOLOGY HONORS PROGRAM

Biology majors who maintain a minimum GPA of 3.5 may participate in the department’s honors program.  This program is designed for exceptional students wishing to use their creative abilities to pursue indepth inquiries (research, co-teaching, field work, internships, etc.) into the biological sciences, the topic of inquiry being determined by the student in consultation with a faculty mentor/sponsor.  Participation in the program is by mutual agreement between the student and the faculty mentor and requires enrollment in a minimum  of 6 s.h. of credit selected from BIOL 3550, 4550, 4504, 4514, 5995.  While grades will be awarded independently for each research/honors course in which the student enrolls, graduation with honors requires the student to submit the final product of activity for critical review by the departmental honors review board.  (Students should note that no more than 6 s.h. of credit in honors or research courses may be counted for biology elective credit.)


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