2007-2008 Academic Year

COMMITTEE:  University Athletics Committee


1.       Membership (include ex-officio members).


Elected Members

(Presence determines quorum; also comprises the Academic Integrity Subcommittee)

Robert Kulesher   Vice Chair

Cal Christian   Secretary

Mike Felts   Chair

Sunday Ajose

Rosina Chia

Art Rodriquez

Mark Moore

Scott Below

Ex-Officio Members with vote

Chris Riley-Tillman

David Dosser

Brenda Myrick

Grant Jarman

Ex-Officio Members without vote

Austin Bunch

Nancy Mize

Nick Floyd

Nita Boyce

Rosie Thompson

William Thomas

Brad Congleton

Tim Metcalf

Gary Overton



 2.  Meeting Dates (include members present*).

September 20, 2007

R. Kulesher, C. Christian, M. Felts, S. Ajose, A. Rodriquez, M. Moore,  

D. Dosser, B. Myrick, A. Bunch, N. Mize, N. Floyd, N. Boyce, R. Thompson, 

G. Overton, T. Metcalf, T. Holland


October 18, 2007

R. Kulesher, C. Christian, M. Felts, S. Ajose, A. Rodriquez, M. Moore,  

D. Dosser, B. Myrick, N. Boyce, R. Thompson, G. Overton, B. Congleton (SGA), T. Holland, C. Riley-Tillman


November 15, 2007

C. Christian, M. Felts, A. Rodriquez, M. Moore, S. Below, C. Riley-Tillman, D. Dosser, N. Boyce, N. Mize, N. Floyd, B Congleton, J Newby, T Metcalf, G. Overton


January 17, 2008

M. Felts, A. Rodriquez, M. Moore, S. Ajose, R. Kulsher, Stacy Altman, D. Dosser, N. Boyce, N. Mize, N. Floyd, R. Thompson, T Metcalf, G. Overton,

Keri Brockett (for B Congleton), Jennifer Bonner


April 3, 2008

C. Christian, M. Felts, M. Moore, S. Ajose, R. Chia, C. Riley-Tillman, D. Dosser, N. Boyce, N. Floyd, T. Metcalf, G. Overton, S. Below, S. Altman, R. Thompson


April 29, 2008

M. Moore, S. Below, S. Altman, R. Thompson, N. Boyce, N. Mize, A. Bunch, N. Floyd, D. Dosser, T. Holland, T. Metcalf, G. Overton


3.  Subcommittees established during the year (include progress and/or completion of work).

Established the Gender Equity Subcommittee charged with reviewing the University’s 2002-2007 Gender Equity Plan for Athletics and writing a new five-year plan.  The composition of the subcommittee was a follows: Stacey Altman (EXSS), Rosina Chia (PSYC), Cal Christian (ACCT), Mike Felts (HEP) David Dosser (FAR), Nancy Mize (Student Life), Tracey Kee (ATHL) Nick Floyd (ATHL), Rosie Thompson (ATHL), Gary Overton (ATHL), Alex Smith (Student-Athlete).


The two work products of this committee are contained in Appendices 1 and 2 of this report. 


4.  Accomplishments during the year, especially as addressed through committee goals.  Please include recommendations made to any University agency other than the Faculty Senate that will be noted under #5.


Committee goals and related committee efforts were as follows:

A. monitor the academic progress of all intercollegiate athletic teams – the Academic Integrity Subcommittee met in following the September and January to review the academic progress of student athletes for the Spring 2008 and Fall 2008 semesters respectively.  The January review revealed concerns regarding the grades earned by freshmen on the football and women’s track and field teams during the fall semester.  Nita Boyce followed up in April with a report to the entire committee regarding special efforts to identify problems and remediate them.  Interim grade reports for the spring semester suggested progress was being made. 


APR difficulties experienced by the men’s basketball program remain a concern of the committee.  These penalties result largely from player attrition resulting from the prior coaching staffs.  The circumstances make it difficult to remedy the situation.  It was noted that the GPA for the current team is much improved thanks to efforts of the current coaching staff.  The committee will continue to monitor this situation closely.


At it’s January meeting the committee received a report from Jennifer Bonner, the coordinator of the tutoring program. Ms Bonner reported that all tutors go through training that includes material on academic integrity.  She also pointed out that the contract tutor’s sign include stipulations regarding academic integrity.  She also pointed out that all tutors are good students (a 3.0 GPA is required but most are much higher) and that they would be risking their own student status if they were involved in any form of cheating.  The job descriptions tutors receive are very specific about appropriate aid they can provide.  Tutors are not permitted to be present if students are working on online quizzes.  Tutors are also networked with faculty members who provide guidance regarding the appropriate role for tutors in aiding students when writing projects or doing computer-programming projects.  Policies also exist that preclude students who have personal relationships with a student-athlete to serve as his/her tutor.


Two specific challenges the tutoring program faces are facilities and staffing.  There can be a need to find space for between 150-300 tutors and student athletes during a single study hall period.  A number of facilities are used including several rooms in Ward and the press box at the baseball stadium.  Pay for tutors is $7/hour for undergrads and $10/hour for grad students.  The fact that there is not consistent schedule or hours is a disincentive to some potentials tutors.

B. when deemed appropriate, consult with appropriate athletic department personnel regarding academic issues for specific teams – see A above.

C.  work with student development personnel to improve faculty response in the reporting of student-athlete grades -  at the committees suggestion the program used to query faculty regarding student-athlete grades was modified so that grades previously reported would not need to be re-entered.

D.  continue to work with the athletic administration to alleviate the burden on student athletes associated with travel to competitions  - the circumstances surrounding this issue are largely a result of the university’s membership in Conference USA.  The Athletic Director reported to the committee having made a series or proposals to conference officials to alleviate some this hardship but those proposals have, for the most part, not been acted on.  The committee needs to continue to monitor the number of class days missed due to athletic competition.  At the October meeting Nita Boyce presented the committee with data concerning availability of laptops for student athletes to check out when on the road.  Currently, of the 429 student/athletes, 320 have personal laptops.  The athletic department has 55 available to be checked out by the other 109 students.  Laptop availability does not appear to be a problem

E. review the gender equity plan associated with the NCAA certification process and makes recommendations in regards to assuring compliance – See item 3 above and the associated Appendices.

F.  review the process for awarding ‘special talent’ waivers for admission to the university – the committee chair and the FAR met with athletics and admissions personnel during the spring semester to look at this process.  Recommendations were outlined but the status of this effort has not been finalized.

G.  review the current organization of the compliance and student development offices exploring the possibility of moving these activities to Academic Affairs – no formal review was accomplished.

H.  continue to work with student development personnel to identify appropriate facilities for tutoring and other development activities – No new facilities were identified and this remains an issue.  It appears that this need will be addressed in stadium expansion plans but those plans have not presented to the committee.


5.  Reports to the Faculty Senate (include dates and resolution numbers).

None, however the Gender Equity Plan filed with this report is, effectively and report to Senate as the UAC has oversight of University efforts as specified in the 2002 NCAA Certification Report.


6.  Business carried over to next year (list in priority order).

a.      Continue to monitor the APR situation with regard to men’s basketball as the potential associated penalties could significantly impact the university.

b.      Provide oversight regarding the 2008-2013 Gender Equity Plan.

c.      Through the Academic Integrity Subcommittee, monitor the progress of those teams identified as having problems in the Spring 2008 review.

d.      Review the status of efforts to formalize the processes involved in granting so-called “special talent waivers”.

e.      Explore the pros and cons of moving the compliance and student development functions currently house in athletics to Academic Affairs.


7.  Evaluation of the committee (include anything that hindered or assisted the committee's work during the year).

The committee did excellent work this year.  The members were consistently present and interested.  The only issue that hinders this committee is the complexity of its charge.  Understanding college athletics requires a great deal of investment. 


8.  Suggestion(s) to the Chair of the Faculty and/or Faculty Senate for improving the effectiveness of the committee.

None except to have as much continuity of membership as practical (see seven above).


9.  Does the Committee’s organizational meeting next year need to be earlier than the date set this year?       No


Chairperson,  Michael Felts                Secretary, Cal Christian

Appendix 1


Evaluation of the university’s response to the 2002-2007 Gender Equity Plan



March 10, 2008


From:  Michael Felts, Chair


To: Gender Equity Committee


Re:  Evaluation of the university’s response to the 2002-2007 Gender Equity Plan



Attached please find my evaluation of the university’s response to the 2002-2007 Gender Equity Plan; the most important database available in this area in is the website maintained by the Department of Education.  These are data reported by each institution that receives federal funding.  These data will be primary resources for any external agency evaluating ECU’s Title IX compliance efforts.  These data can be accessed at http://ope.ed.gov/athletics/.


The fact that none of the head coaches who have returned surveys to this point (10/13) had ever formally been made aware of the 2002-2007 Gender Equity Plan is disturbing suggesting that these issues do not have much visibility within the athletics department.


I welcome response from both athletic department and faculty committee members.  I would also think the athletic department would want to study the Gender Equity Scorecard distributed to the committee members at our first meeting.   This report is based purely on the objective data available from the DOE website.  While some of the author’s methodology can be questioned, the fact that ECU scored in amongst the ten worst institutions in the country is not comforting.






1. Increase scholarship opportunities in women’s sports.

Increased scholarships in women’s sports to the NCAA maximum financial aid limit.

Considerable progress has been made in this area.  Scholarships were increased from 70 in 2002 to 93 in 2007.  Approximately 4 scholarships are needed to reach the goal of full funding.


2. Increase operating budgets for specific women’s sports.

Provided additional operating funds for women’s sports.

It is not possible to tell from data provided in the Gender Equity Report document (page 3) if any progress has been in funding relative to male sports.  EADA data indicate that operating expenses for female sports are about 29% of the athletic total operating expenses.  This is significantly below NCAA median of 38% and below the 40% participation level.


3. Enhance locker room facilities for women’s sports.

Provided separate locker rooms for women’s soccer, softball, tennis, and track and cross county.

The locker room situation is poor and has not been improved in any measurable way this decade.  There are serious inequities in this area and currently there is no documented timetable to correct the situation.


4. Enhance softball field scoreboard.

Installed new scoreboard at the softball field for the 2002 season.

This was done.  However, the softball field is inadequate




5. Enhance tennis court complex.

Resurfaced tennis courts and installed new windscreens, nets, net posts, and lights.

Courts have recently been resurfaced, however, this facility is marginal when compared to many campus tennis facilities.  There is no accommodation for spectators and no on-sight storage for equipment.  Neither tennis team has a locker room.


6. Enhance monitoring of Department of Athletics gender equity planning.

Established an Equity Agenda for the University Athletics Committee each semester.


This was not done on a consistent basis during the period 2002-2007. 

7. Increase the participation proportion of women’s student-athletes compared to men’s student-athletes.

Increased proportion of women’s student-athletes to a minimum of 45% by FY 2007.

This was not accomplished. The Gender Equity Report presented to the UAC contains a good deal of documentation regarding participation.  These data seem to indicate a 40% participation rate while the latest federal data indicate a 37.5% female participation.


8. Increase the comparability of male/female coaches salaries where merited.

Increased salaries of some female coaches in comparison to male increases.

This goal lacks specific benchmarks.  The data provided for this item in the Gender Equity Report are difficult to interpret and incomplete.  They deal only with head coaches’ salaries and are difficult to compare.  Federal data indicate that female coaches salaries (both head and assistant) are 31% of their male counterparts.


9. Monitor the effective accommodation of the athletic interest of the university’s women’s population.

Effectively accommodate the athletics interests of the women’s population on campus.

This monitoring appears to have occurred.



















Appendix 2


Report of the Gender Equity Subcommittee including the

ECU Athletics 2008-2013 Gender Equity Five-Year Plan
Report of the Gender Equity Subcommittee

Chair:   Michael Felts, Professor, HHP

2309 Belk



Committee Charge


The “University Athletics Committee” (UAC) is a standing committee of the ECU Faculty Senate.  According to its charge, the UAC’s primary functions are oversight responsibility in the area of academic integrity, compliance with NCAA rules and regulations, and the overall development of student athletes.   The Committee makes recommendations concerning the implementation and administration of policies and procedures pertaining to intercollegiate athletics at ECU to the Chancellor.

UAC Charge, FS Resolution #05-49, Dec. 2005)


The Gender Sub-Committee of the UAC is charged with developing a new five-year Gender Equity Plan.  The 2002 NCAA Certification document mandates that such a plan be in place and states that UAC has oversight responsibilities for the plan.  The Gender Equity Subcommittee will generate this plan and submit it to the UAC for approval. The plan, as such, will not have to be approved by the ECU Faculty Senate but will be filed with the UAC’s annual report.  The plan will include provision for systematic review and revision in preparation for the next NCAA certification.




The NCAA Gender Equity Task Force states“ an athletic program is gender equitable when the men's sports program would be pleased to accept for its own overall participation, opportunities and resources currently allocated to the women's program and vice versa."


The Gender Equity subcommittee of the university met six times during the Spring 2008 semester to assess East Carolina’s University’s Compliance with Title IX standards and assess Progress on the NCAA Certification Self-Study (2002) Gender Equity Five-Year Plan 2002-2007 and develop an new plan for the period 2008-13.


The basis for the analysis and conclusions presented in this report were the:

o        2002-07 Gender Equity Five-Year Plan (2002 NCAA Recertification Self-Study)

o        2007 Equity Athletics Disclosure Act (EADA) Report (actual 2006 participation, revenues & expenses

o        Salary and budget data provided by the department of athletics

o        Data collected from a survey of the 13 head coaches

o        Data collected from a survey of female athletes (110 of 166 eligible student-athletes responded)

o        Data from a tour of the athletic facilities

o        Review of the organizational chart provided by the department of athletics

o        Other information provided by athletic department administrators


The 2008 Gender Equity Subcommittee consisted of Stacey Altman (EXSS), Rosina Chia (PSYC), Cal Christian (ACCT), Mike Felts (HEP) David Dosser (FAR), Nancy Mize (Student Life), Tracey Kee (ATHL) Nick Floyd (ATHL), Rosie Thompson (ATHL), Gary Overton (ATHL), Alex Smith (Student-Athlete).



Compliance with Title IX


The NCAA measures three specific areas to assess an educational institution’s compliance with Title IX: Athletic Financial Assistance, Accommodation of Athletic Interests and Abilities, and eleven Other Program Areas.


I.                   Athletic Financial Assistance




The Office of Civil Rights “will measure compliance with this standard by dividing the amounts of aid available for the members of each sex by the numbers of male or female participants in the athletic program and comparing the results. Institutions may be found in compliance if this comparison results in substantially equal amounts or if a resulting disparity can be explained by adjustments to take into account legitimate, nondiscriminatory factors” (34 C.F.R. §106.37(c)).


Participants are defined as athletes that are receiving the institutionally-sponsored support normally provided to athletes competing at the institution involved on regular basis during a sport’s season, athletes participating in organized practice sessions and other team meetings and activities, athletes who are listed on the eligibility/squad lists, and those athletes, who because of injury, cannot meet the above listed criteria but continue to receive financial aid on the basis of athletic ability.




The 2002-2007 Gender Equity Plan Report notes the following increases: $87,500 (2003), $81,250 (2004), $55,250 (2005), $50,000 (2006), and $25,000 (2007).


Scholarship expenses FY 2007-08:


            Men’s Sports:                $2,686,473.00

            Women’s Sports:           $1,551,981.00



Female participants account for 38% of the total participants and receive 37% of the financial assistance. Male participants account for 62% of the total participants and receive 63% of the financial assistance.


In terms of scholarship equivalencies, 3.66 additional scholarships for women and 2.2 scholarships for men are needed in order for the respective programs to be considered fully funded (at the NCAA maximum award limit).


The athletic department reports effective May 1, 2008 all existing men’s and women’s programs will be fully funded.


II.        Accommodation of Athletic Interests and Abilities




OCR’s Policy Interpretation outlines three factors that may be considered consecutively to assess the opportunity for individuals of both sexes to compete in athletics programs (34 C.F.R. §106.4(c)(1)). Those three factors are:

1.       Whether intercollegiate level participation opportunities for male and female students are provided in numbers substantially proportionate to the respective enrollments.

2.       Where the members of one sex have been and are underrepresented among intercollegiate athletes, whether the institution can show a history and continuing practice of program expansion, which is demonstrably responsive to the developing interests and abilities of that sex.

3.       Where the members of one sex are underrepresented among intercollegiate athletes, and the institution cannot show a continuing practice of program expansion such as that cited above, whether it can demonstrated that the interests and abilities of the members of that sex have been fully and effectively accommodated by the present program.


Furthermore, this is the area in which assessment of whether the quality of competition provided to male and female athletes equally reflects their abilities (i.e. Are male and female teams allowed to schedule in such a way that reflect their abilities? If it takes travel to certain locations to play certain teams for the purpose of strength of schedule ratings, etc., are teams permitted to do so on an equal basis?). Compliance requires that the institution “demonstrate a history and continuing practice of upgrading the competitive opportunities available to the historically disadvantaged sex as warranted by developing abilities among the athletes of that sex” (34 C.F.R. §106.4(c)(1)).


Findings ECU:


According to the data provided to the Office of Postsecondary Education (pursuant to the Equity in Athletics Disclosure Act (EADA)), In the 2006-2007 reporting year, East Carolina University provided 426 participants (unduplicated count of participants) with the opportunity to compete in NCAA DI competition. There were 266 male participants (62% of total participants) and 160 female participants (38% of total participants).


Findings related to ECU’s potential compliance under each factor are listed below:


Factor 1 (proportionality): According to the EADA data, during the reporting year 2006-2007, ECU reported 15,832 full-time undergraduate students. Male students comprised 41% of the total enrollment while female students accounted for 59% of the total enrollment.


                        Females:           59% of enrollment / 38% of total athletic participants

                        Males:              41% of enrollment / 62% of total athletic participants



It is not clear what impact the elimination of men’s soccer had on total participant numbers.[1]


Since ECU cannot demonstrate equity via the enrollment proportionality, consideration of factor 2 is appropriate. (ECU is at >20% difference and 2-5% is the percent of difference usually the leeway allowed for being deemed in compliance via proportionality. Note the 2-5% figure is based on a review of case law – the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) maintains that there is no set ratio that constitutes what ‘substantially proportionate’ is.)


Factor 2 (expansion for underrepresented sex)


The OCR explains that compliance via this factor would require noting when each men’s and women’s team began intercollegiate competition and the origin of the sport. If any men’s and women’s sports have been eliminated or added, the reasons for elimination or addition should be recorded. The percentage of loss or gain to each program should then be figured. In addition, attempts to add teams should be addressed (if those attempts failed, reasons should be given). If there is a plan to add teams, that, as well as written policies and procedures for determining whether sports will be added should be documented.


ECU eliminated men’s soccer after the Fall 2005 season.



Factor 3 (meeting interest and abilities)


Determining whether an institution is in compliance via Factor 3 requires the most complex considerations and procedures. When making that determination, OCR would consider “whether the institution failed to accommodate ‘expressed interest,’ (for example athletes of the underrepresented sex participating in a club sport express interest in intercollegiate competition (must have sufficient number).” OCR would also consider programs indicative of interest.


The 2002-2007 Gender Equity Plan for ECU Athletics notes that monitoring of interests is occurring in the following ways:


A. The annual review of:

1.       Sports offered by North Carolina high schools

2.       Requests by ECU students for additional sports programs,

3.       Participation rates of women’s sports in the State of North Carolina and the United States

4.       Participation in club sports and intramural program.


B. The conducting of an annual survey of the women’s undergraduate population to determine the interest levels in particular sports.


Due to considerable controversy surrounding the effectiveness of surveying the undergraduate population with regard to program interests the committee does not endorse the administration of such a survey.


It is unclear whether any such requests have been made at ECU.




Continue to monitor yearly.


If a survey is completed it should be administered with caution. See:




III.       Other Program Areas  NCAA Standard: Equity in all areas.


1.         Equipment and Supplies


            While some student athletes reported that they felt slighted compared to men’s teams, coaches did not report problems in this area.  The institution recently initiated an agreement with Nike for outfitting its’ teams.  The provision of apparel and other supplies related to this contract is being phased in.  There are some difficulties with sizing and apparel color related to the contract.  These difficulties may impact women’s teams disproportionately.  Both coaches and athletes in several sports reported issues related to equipment storage (either it being inadequate or altogether absent).  The burden here does appear to fall primarily on the Olympic sports and, therefore, disproportionately impacts female student-athletes.



2.         Scheduling of Games and Practice Times


            A gender-neutral policy appears to be in place and effective in this area.  Coaches reported some limitations in practice times related to facility demands.  The lack of gymnasium space was reported as a constraint by the volleyball and basketball coaches.  The track and soccer coaches reported some problems related to proximity of the practice areas.  Student-athletes in these sports also reported these limitations.  These problems, however, did not appear to be gender-specific.  The lack of lighting on the soccer field is gender-specific and does impact scheduling.


3.         Travel and Per Diem Allowance

            The gender-neutral policy is appropriate and now in effect.  Coaches’ surveys do not indicate any gender-specific issues.  Membership in Conference USA is problematic for all sports, as every conference event requires airline travel.   Charter flights are utilized on a limited basis due to budgetary constraints.  Commercial airline travel can result in considerable inconvenience for the travel parties.


4.         Tutors

            Both coach and student-athlete surveys suggest that a gender-neutral environment exists for student development activities.  The department does face considerable challenges because in inadequate space.  These concerns should be addressed in the current facilities initiative.


5.         Coaches


This item rises from Title VII of the Civil Rights Act that prohibits gender inequity in salary given similar skills and job requirements. ECU has worked towards providing competitive salaries among other teams in Conference USA. Most salaries are at least in the middle of salaries within the conference or even in the top half.  The only sport trailing is track and that may just be a result of the small number of teams competing in Conference USA. 


Within the women’s sports, salaries are comparable (except for basketball). The head coach salaries range from $63,000 for swimming to $46,000 for tennis, the other salaries are $62,000, $60,000, $57,000, $55,000, $54,000, while the basketball salary is $142,000. The salaries are less for women sports when compared to their counterpart (men vs. women’s basketball, softball vs. baseball and men vs. women’s golf).  The only women’s coach that is paid more than the men’s coach is the tennis coach (who is a male).  The assistant coaches in basketball and softball are also paid less than their male counterparts.


The recommendation would be where possible to provide annual raises for the women’s team head coaches and assistants that would move them closer to their male coach counterparts. 


Erskine Bowles (President, UNC General Administration) has pledged to work to raise faculty salaries to the 80th percentile of that University’s peer institutions.  It would seem logical that this initiative should also be guiding salaries of athletic department personnel in those institutions.


Below is a listing of the coaches and their salary ranks within Conference USA.  With some exceptions, these rankings are below the 80th percentile rank.


            Sport               Title                Sex                  CUSA Salary Rank

            Basketball         Head Coach      Female             5th out of 12 teams

                                    Asst. Coach      Female             4th out of 12 teams

                                    Asst. Coach      Female             7th out of 12 teams

                                    Asst. Coach      Female             6th out of 12 teams

            Golf                  Head Coach      Male                 1st out of 9 teams

            Soccer              Head Coach      Male                 6th out of 12 teams

                                    Asst. Coach      Female             6th out of 12 teams

                                    Asst. Coach      Male                 3rd out of 5 teams with 2 Asst’s

            Softball             Head Coach      Female             4th out of 9 teams

                                    Asst. Coach      Female             4th out of 9 teams

            Swimming1        Head Coach      Male                 N/A

                                    Asst. Coach      Male                 N/A

                                    Asst. Coach      Male                 N/A

                                    Asst. Coach      Male                 N/A

            Tennis              Head Coach      Male                 4th out of 8 teams

            Track & CC2     Head Coach      Male                 4th out of 4 teams

                                    Asst. Coach      Male                 2nd out of 3 teams

                                    Asst. Coach      Male                 2nd out of 3 teams

            Volleyball          Head Coach      Male                 6th out of 11 teams

                                    Asst. Coach      Female             8th out of 11 teams


            1 ECU is the only school in Conference USA with a dual swimming coach

                2 Coaches both Men and Women



East Carolina appears to mirror a national trend of fewer women being employed as coaches for female athletic teams.  Currently, out of the 20 coaches involved with women’s athletics at ECU there are only two female head coaches and six assistant coaches (see chart below).


Women’s Team                        Head Coach                  Assistant Coach(es)

Basketball                     Female                         3 Females

Golf                                          Male

Soccer                                      Male                             1 Female, 1 Male

Softball                         Female                         1 Female

*Swimming                    Male                            3 Males

Tennis                          Male

*Track & Field              Male                            4 Males

Volleyball                      Male                            1 Female


*Denotes mixed-gender squads.


While there are many variables that go into hiring coaching staffs it would seem appropriate for the athletic department to develop a strong, proactive stance in advertising, recruiting, and hiring to increase the percentage of female coaches coaching women's teams.


6.         Locker Rooms, Practice and Competitive Facilities

            Significant inequities currently exist in athletic facilities.  These problems are most apparent in sports that do not share competition venues with men’s teams.  Softball is the most glaring example.  Situated adjacent to one of the finest baseball facilities in the eastern U.S. this facility is arguably the worst facility in CUSA and in any division 1 school in North Carolina.  There is no permanent press box, no locker room or toilet facilities.  While the playing surface is well maintained the facility, itself, is wholly inadequate.  The soccer facility is in much the same circumstance.  Situated inside the track, it is too narrow for regulation competition.  The location also presents potentially hazardous circumstances when the soccer and track teams are practicing concurrently.  The field is not lighted so practice and game times are limited.  The team cannot schedule home games in the spring if baseball is scheduled to play.  The softball and soccer programs clearly are placed at a disadvantage in recruiting student athletes as a result of the existing facilities.


            Basketball and volleyball share Minges Coliseum with men’s basketball.  While time in these facilities appears to be allocated in a gender-neutral manner the coaches of all three sports report that lack of an auxiliary practice facility does create inconvenience.  Competition venues are also shared for swimming and track and field.  The track and field facility is problematic.  Due to a number of issues it is impossible to host home meets.  While the tennis facility appears to be utilized in a gender-neutral manner and has recently been resurfaced it can be described as no better than adequate when compared to facilities at other CUSA or North Carolina schools.


            Inequities exist in locker rooms.  The overall quality of the space provided male athletes clearly exceeds that provided for female athletes.  Male athletes are more likely to have single-team locker rooms and those locker rooms are more likely to have close proximity to practice and competition venues.  The soccer and softball team share a room with others, including the dance team.  The women’s tennis team has no locker room and little provision for equipment storage. While gender equitable, neither the men’s nor women track team have any locker room facilities and the swim team locker rooms are small and dated. Locker room renovations were targeted in the prior gender equity plan but were not accomplished.


            Coaches’ offices for all women’s sports with the exception of basketball are not commensurate with those provided for men’s football, basketball and baseball.  Scales Field House is an antiquated and cramped facility.


            The athletics department recently secured a funding stream (continuation of a student fee surcharge originally used to retire the debt incurred for the Minges Coliseum expansion) that should allow for the mitigation of many of these problems.  A facilities plan is currently being developed.



7.         Medical and Training Facilities and Services

            No gender equity issues were identified.  Both student athletes and coaches give these area high marks.


8.         Housing and Dining Facilities and Services

            No gender-specific problems identified.



9.         Publicity


            There does appear to be dissatisfaction with the athletic department’s marketing efforts for women’s teams.  Coaches of women’s teams tended to rate efforts in this area lower than coaches of men’s teams.  Results of the student-athlete survey clearly indicate that female student-athletes perceive being slighted in this area. Casual review of the athletics web page does not reveal any obvious inequities.  The committee recognizes that though the press releases may be equitable, often the local media emphasize men's football, basketball and baseball over other sports.  That said, the fact that the perception of inequities exists suggests that a review of current marketing efforts is warranted.


10.       Support Services

            Support services are an area difficult to assess when both facilities and support staffs are shared to a significant degree.  It does appear that women’s sports (with the exception of basketball), as well as most men’s sports, do not enjoy the same level of administrative support as football, baseball and men’s basketball.



11.       Recruitment of Student Athletes


            The total recruiting budget reported in the 2007 EADA report is $389,085.  Thirty percent of the budget ($117,273) was allocated to women’s teams.  While this number is below the 38% participation rate it appears to be in line with the figures reported by many peer institutions.  One coach noted that he/she could always use more money to recruit but there do not appear to be substantial inequities in this area.



                                    ECU Athletics 2008-2013 Gender Equity Five-Year Plan


Issues in the Self Study

Measurable Goals

Steps to Achieve Goals

Individuals/Office Responsible for Implementation


Timetable for Completing the Work


1. Increase scholarships


Fully fund all women’s programs


Add scholarship support to move women’s soccer towards being fully funded



Director of Athletics



Maintain continuously










2. Ongoing need to monitor participation data



Maintain participation to at least 2008 levels


Implement fully funding of all women’s programs


Director of Athletics












3. Maintenance of proportional spending for equipment and supplies



All teams are equipped and supplied in a equitable manner


Maintain appropriate budgets


Business Manager, Coaches, Sr. Assoc. A-D


Annual Review











4.  Coaches and student surveys suggest some dissatisfaction with practice times in shared facilities



Provide for equitable arrangements for scheduling of games and practice times


Collaborative input from coaches and student athletes


Complete new facilities


Director of Athletics, SWA, facilities manager, coaches


Quarterly review


See facilities plan for timetable







5. Continue gender equitable travel and per diem regulations


Team travel and per diem are arranged according to policies that are gender neutral


Ensure adequate budget to meet travel needs


Review schedules of all sports to minimize travel



Director of Athletics, Sr. Assoc. Dir., Business Manager


Annual Review


Issues in the Self Study

Measurable Goals

Steps to Achieve Goals

Individuals/Office Responsible for Implementation


Timetable for Completing the Work


6. Meet student need and demand for academic support on gender neutral basis



All athletes have open access to needed academic assistance, resources and equipment


Ensure adequate budget and facilities to meet student demand


Director of Athletics, Assoc. Dir., SWA


Annual Review







7. Lack of female proportional female presence in both athletic administration and coaching staffs


Increase the number of female coaches and administrators


Add a second full-time assistant for softball


Add one assistant track coach


Add an one assistant swimming coach



Actively recruit qualified female candidates as vacancies are anticipated and occur.


Meet with campus EEO personnel to develop strategies to attract female applicants.


Director of Athletics, Affirmative Action Dir., SWA


Have new coaches in place for listed academic year:


Track: 2008/09


Softball: 2009/10


Swimming: 2009/10







8. Coaching salaries need to move toward a proportionate spending basis



Increase salaries for coaches of  women’s sports


Increase salaries of coaches in women’s sports at a minimum of 1.0% higher rate than coaches of comparable men’s teams for each of the next five years



Director of Athletics, SWA


Annual Review


Issues in the Self Study

Measurable Goals

Steps to Achieve Goals

Individuals/Office Responsible for Implementation


Timetable for Completing the Work


9. Lack of equity in locker rooms, playing facilities and coaches’ offices.


1. Create more locker space for softball, soccer, track and tennis of the same quality available to men’s football, baseball and basketball.


2. Construct a new softball facility.


3. Construct a new track for use by cross-country and indoor and outdoor track.


4. Construct a new soccer facility.


5. Provide office space for women’s team that is of equivalent quality to that provided to men’s football, basketball and baseball.



1. Secure funding stream for capital projects.


2.  Hire facilities consultant and develop construction plan


3. Initiate construction based on priorities







Director of Athletics








Director of Athletics, Asst. AD for Development, Sr. Assoc. AD


Projected project completion dates:


Softball (2010 or 11)


Soccer (2011)


Track (2011)


Tennis (2011)










10. Maintain gender equitable medical and training services


Continue to provide high quality services to all students, taking particular care student-athletes have full access to gender specific medical services. 



Continue to assess practices in this area.


Director of Athletics, SWA, Assoc. AD


Annual Review



Issues in the Self Study

Measurable Goals

Steps to Achieve Goals

Individuals/Office Responsible for Implementation


Timetable for Completing the Work


11. Continue gender equitable policies with regard to housing and dining services



Ensure that male and female athletes receive comparable benefits


Continue to assess practices in this area.


Director of Athletics, SWA, Assoc. AD


Annual Review







12. Female athletes and their coaches question whether marketing efforts are gender equitable


Publicity produced by the university will be equitable in all respects—quality, size, quantity, etc.


Educate all student athletes in regard to marketing efforts in athletics.



Conduct of review of current practices in this area.




Formalize a plan to inform students about marketing efforts.


Director of Athletics, SID, Marketing Director, SWA


Annual Review







13. Support services are not being provided on an equitable basis


There will be no gender differences in terms of clerical support and office space.



Conduct a review of current staffing policies. 


Increase staffing for understaffed sports as space becomes available.


Director of Athletics


Annual Review




Add at least on full-time clerical support person by 2011.








14. Recruiting expenditures continue to reflect proportion of male to female student athletes


Budgets and expenses for recruiting will reflect proportionality


Continue to assess practices in this area.


Director of Athletics, SWA, Assoc. AD


Annual Review


Issues in the Self Study

Measurable Goals

Steps to Achieve Goals

Individuals/Office Responsible for Implementation


Timetable for Completing the Work


15.  Consistent monitoring of gender equity plan


To review gender equity progress on an ongoing bases


University Athletics Committee will establish an advisory counsel to monitor



Chairperson of the UAC in consultation with the Director of Athletics




This advisory group will include but be limited to the following:  the FAR, three faculty members, one head coach, one female student athlete, the senior women’s administrator, other members of the athletics staff, representative of the Provost’s office.







[1] While the elimination of an opportunity for a male athletes (i.e. discontinuing a team) has not helped with demonstrating compliance via Factor 2 in litigation (and logically, the “expansion” of athletic opportunities for women should not be equated with the “elimination” of athletic opportunities for men), it should have effected the total number of male participants, perhaps helping with proportionality.