The Certificate in Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology program
prepares students for employment and future studies in the environmental
2005. Environmental Anthropology (3) FC:SO) Human adaptation to different environments from prehistoric to modern times.
Environmental Biology (4) (F,S,SS) (FC:SC)May not count toward BIOL
major or minor. Interrelationships of organisms with each other and with
their environment and human factors. Basic ecological problems,
principles, and solutions.
Environmental Biology Laboratory (1) (F,S) (FC:SC)1 3-hour lab or field
excursion per week. May not count toward BIOL major or minor. Optional
lab or field course offered to provide a more in-depth look at habitats.
Ecological Responses to Global Climate Change (3) (S)P: BIOL 2250,
2251. Theory and practical examination of effects of climate change.
Predicted and present environmental influences ecosystems, communities,
populations and organisms.
4301. Ecosystem Ecology (4,0) (WI) (F)P: BIOL 2250, 2251. In-depth
examination of ecosystem processes. Primary production, decomposition,
and nutrient cycling as influenced bybiotic and environmental controls
in terrestrial, aquatic, and wetland ecosystems.
5221. Limnology (4,0)3 lectures and 1 3-hour lab per week. P: BIOL
2250, 2251; or consent of instructor. Physical, chemical, and biological
factors of inland waters andtheir influence on aquatic organisms.
Wetland Ecology and Management (3)P: BIOL 2250, 2251; or consent of
instructor. Marshes, swamps, bogs, fens, and other intermittently
flooded ecosystems. Emphasis onclassification, ecosystem processes,
structure, and management of freshwater and saltwater wetlands.
Wetland Ecology Laboratory (1)P: BIOL 2250, 2251; C: BIOL 5400.
Application of methods to measure ecological properties, assess the
functioning, identify plant communities,and understand landscape
interaction of wetland ecosystems.
5751. Introduction to Regional Field Ecology (2,0) (5750:WI) For
science and environmental studies teachers. 20 hours of lecture and 32
hours of field trips. May not count toward MS in BIOL or
molecularbiology/biotechnology. Major regional ecosystems.
COASTAL AND MARINE STUDIES
2151. Boating Skills and Seamanship (1,1)C for 2150: COAS 2151; C for
2151: COAS 2150. Knowledge and skills needed to safely use a smalboat,
following the United States Coast Guard Auxiliary standards.
Scientific Diving and Underwater Research Techniques (3) (F, S)P: Basic
SCUBA certification (or equivalent) and consent of instructor.
Fundamentals of scientific diving, including the use of Nitrox,
specializeddiving equipment, emergency procedures, sampling techniques,
and the history and policies related to scientific diving. Fee required.
Scientific Diving and Underwater Research Techniques Lab (1) (S)2 pool
hours per week. P: Basic SCUBA certification (or equivalent) and consent
of instructor. P/C: COAS 4000. Required confined water trainingfor
scientific diver certification.
Scientific Diver Qualification (1) (SS) P: Basic SCUBA certification
(or equivalent), COAS 4000, 4001 (or equivalent), and consent of
instructor. Required openwater training for scientific diver
certification. Successful completion of this qualification, associated
course, and lab may be used to meet American Academy ofUnderwater
Sciences (AAUS) and ECU scientific diver certification requirements.
Scientific Diving and Underwater Research Techniques (5)4 lecture and 2
lab hours per week. P: Consent of instructor. Fundamentals of
scientific diving, including the use of Nitrox, specialized diving
equipment, emergency procedures, sampling techniques, and a review of
basic scuba diving skills.
3801. Soils and Foundations (3,0) Formerly CMGT 3766, 37672 lecture and
2 lab hours per week. P: Minimum grade of C (2.0) in CMGT 2600; minimum
overall GPA of 2.0; GEOL 1500, 1501; MATH 1074 or1075 or equivalent;
PHYS 1250, 1251. Fundamentals of soil mechanics as related to soil
classification and construction of earthwork and foundations.
3701. Construction Surveying (3,0) Formerly CMGT 3666, 36672 lecture
and 3 lab hours per week. P: Minimum grade of C (2.0) in CMGT 2600;
minimum overall GPA of 2.0; MATH 1074 or 1075 or equivalent.Construction
aspects of surveying with field and classroom exercises in use of
transit, level, tape, and related surveying equipment. Problemsand
exercises in traverse closure and pipeline, grading, street, curve, and
Environmental Economics (3)P: ECON 2133. Application of microeconomic
analysis to environmental problems such as air and water pollution and
formation of environmentalpolicy.
Resource Economics (3)P: ECON 2133, 3144. Applies microeconomic
analysis and benefit-cost analysis to problems of allocation of natural
I (3)P for undergraduate students: ECON 3144. Applies microeconomic
analysis to study of allocation of natural resources.
Thermal and Fluid Systems (4)3 lecture and 2 lab hours per week. P:
ENGR 2450 with minimum grade of C (2.0); MATH 2153. Explores systems
approach to design, analysis,and engineering of thermal and fluid
systems using mathematical and software tools.
Representing Environmental Crisis (3) (WI)P: ENGL 1200. Introduction to
discursive and narrative representations of environmental crisis in
Scientific Writing (3) (WI) (F,S)P: ENGL 1200. Practice in assimilation
and written presentation of scientific information.
2111. Introduction to Environmental Health Sciences and Laboratory
(3,0) (F,S) 2 lecture and 2 lab hours per week. Principles of
environmental health practices along with lab and field techniques.
Emphasis on air quality, safe water, food safety, industrial hygiene,
radiation, vectors, and solid and hazardous waste disposal.
3061. Environmental Issues in Construction (4,0) (F,S)3 lecture and 2
lab hours per week P: GEOL 1500, 1501. Comprehensive overview of
environmental impact of construction processes, includinglegislative and
Safe Water (4) (F)P: BIOL 2110, 2111; CHEM 1160, 1161; C: EHST 3351.
Fundamentals of safe water and principles of drinking water treatment
Water Laboratory (1) (F)P: BIOL 2110, 2111; CHEM 1160, 1161; C: EHST
3350. Practical aspects of drinking water treatment and supply.
Waste Water Management (3) (S)P: EHST 3350, 3351; C: EHST 3371.
Fundamentals of waste water production, collection, treatment, and safe
Water Management Laboratory (1) (S)P: EHST 3350, 3351; C: EHST 3370.
Practical aspects of waste water characteristics and safe disposal.
Toxicological Foundations of Risk Assessment (3) (S)P: BIOL 2130; CHEM
2650, 2651. Undesirable biological responses to physical and chemical
agents. Mechanisms of action at the molecular,cellular, and organ
Environmental Health Management and Law (3) (WI) (S)P: EHST major or
minor. Processes involved in planning, facilitating, executing,
evaluating, and controlling environmental health services.
5011. Principles of Toxicology and Laboratory (3,1)For EHST majors but
other majors accepted. P: Senior or graduate standing; 8 s.h. of general
chemistry; 6 s.h. of biology, including BIOL 2130;or consent of
instructor. Basics of toxicology such as physiological response and
environmental sources as well as specifics of major toxins.
Environmental Toxicology (3)P: EHST 5010, 5011; or consent of
instructor. Effect of anthropogenic and naturally occurring toxins on
environment. Toxin sources, distribution,and bioaccumulation. Covers
pesticides, metals, solvents, radioactive isotopes, food additives, air
pollutants, and natural plant/animal toxins.
5801. Solid and Hazardous Waste Management and Laboratory (3,0)2
lecture and 2 lab hours per week. P: CHEM 1160, 1161 or consent of
instructor. Problems associated with collection, treatment, and disposal
ofmunicipal solid waste and hazardous wastes in the United States.
The Water Planet (3) (F,S) (FC:SO)Importance of water in natural world.
Cultural, economic, and legal issues associated with human uses of
1300. Weather and
Climate (4) (F,S,SS) (FC:SC)Introductory survey of meteorology including
weather and climate principles, processes, and patterns, at a variety
of scales from local to global.
Geography of Environmental Resources (3) (F)May not count toward
foundations curriculum social sciences requirement. Location and
development of environmental resources at world andnational levels.
Climate Change: Science and Society (3) (FC:SO)Explores societal
aspects of climate change science, relevant social science debates,
human adaptation, mitigation strategies, and international policy.
Spatial Data Analysis (3) (F,S)May not count toward foundations
curriculum social sciences requirement. Foundation for data management
and analysis in geographicinformation science. Introduces quantitative
expressions common to geographic information science and descriptive and
Fundamentals of GIS (3) (F,S) Formerly GEOG 3410.May not count toward
foundations curriculum social sciences requirement. Foundations for
understanding and using geographical informationsystems. Emphasis on
creation, visualization, and analysis of geographically referenced data.
Map and Aerial Photo Interpretation (3) (F,S,SS)4 lecture hours per
week. May not count toward foundations curriculum social sciences
requirement. Principles of map reading and aerial photointerpretation as
information sources on natural and manmade environment.
Soil Properties, Surveys, and Applications (3) (F)Saturday field trip
may be required. P: GEOG 2250. Physical and chemical properties of soil,
soil-water relationships, soil-forming factors, countysoil reports, and
soil applications that involve land management decisions.
Global Climates (3) (S)May not count toward foundations curriculum
social sciences requirement. P: GEOG 1300; MATH 1065; or consent of
instructor. Variation in globalclimates as related to atmospheric
circulation patterns and processes.
Environmental Hazards (3) (F)May not count toward foundations
curriculum social sciences requirement. P: GEOG 1300 or 2250. Various
ways people and governments respondto natural and human-induced extreme
events, human behavior in threatening or actual hazards, and public
policies and programs designed tocontrol or alleviate hazards.
Remote Sensing of the Environment I (3) (F)May not count toward
foundations curriculum social sciences requirement. P: GEOG 2410 or
equivalent. Basic understanding of digital image dataand tools required
to process, analyze, and interpret digital images.
Geographic Information Systems I (3) (F,S)May not count toward
foundations curriculum social sciences requirement. P: GEOG 2410 or
equivalent. Computer-based decision supportsystems. Involves integration
of spatially referenced data in problem-solving context. Concepts and
application of GIS include data capture,storage, analysis, and display.
Introduction to the Global Positioning System (3) (S)May not count
toward foundations curriculum social sciences requirement. P: GEOG 2410
or equivalent. Techniques for spatial referencing via asatellite-based
GIS Applications Programming (3) (F)May not count toward foundations
curriculum social sciences requirement. P: GEOG 2410; BITE 2212 or CSCI
1610 or MIS 2223 or consent ofinstructor. Introduces GIS applications
design, development, and deployment. Focuses on custom mapping user
interfaces; programmablesolutions for spatial data display, analysis and
manipulation; and custom GIS applications development.
Physical Meteorology (3) (F)May not count toward foundations curriculum
social sciences requirement. P: GEOG 1300; MATH 1065; or consent of
instructor. Basic principles ofatmospheric hydrostatics, thermodynamics,
cloud and precipitation processes, and radiative transfer.
Dynamic Meteorology (3) (S)May not count toward foundations curriculum
social sciences requirement. P: GEOG 1300; MATH 2172, PHYS 2360; or
consent of instructor. 3lecture hours per week. Basic concepts and
techniques of mathematics, thermodynamics, mechanics and fluid dynamics
in the study ofatmospheric motions and weather systems.
Principles of Synoptic Meteorology (3) (F)P: GEOG 3520; or consent of
instructor. Basic concepts of synoptic scale atmospheric phenomena,
including upper level waves and mid-latitudeweather systems.
Fluvial and Hydrological Processes (3) (S)May not count toward
foundations curriculum social sciences requirement. P: GEOG 1300, 2250;
or consent of instructor. Comprehensiveexamination of principles of
surface water hydrology and fluvial geomorphology. Application of
principles to environmental problems.
Advanced Fluvial and Hydrological Processes (3)Comprehensive
examination of principles of surface water hydrology and fluvial
geomorphology and their application to environmental problems.
Earth Surface Processes on the Coastal Plain (3)Detailed examination of
the dominant geomorphic processes and sediment dynamics involved in the
creation of landforms and the redistributionof sediments and
contaminants in coastal plain environments. Emphasis on laboratory
Advanced Water Resources Management and Planning (3) Same as PLAN
6270Advanced investigation of spatial and temporal characteristics of
water. Consideration of hydrologic, engineering, economic, and
institutionalaspects of water management.
Advanced Remote Sensing (3)P: GEOG 3420 or consent of instructor.
Interpretation of environmental phenomena recorded in digital data
formats by remote sensinginstruments. Advanced techniques of digital
image processing for remotely sensed images.
6430. Advanced Geographic Information Systems (3)P: GEOG 3430 or consent of instructor. Advanced topics.
Spatial Analysis of Coastal Environments (3)P: GEOG 3410 or equivalent.
Applications of geographic information science to research in coastal
Advanced Digital Terrain Analysis (3)P: GEOG 2410 or equivalent; or
consent of instructor. Advanced investigation of digital topographic
analyses that focuses on topographic dataacquisition, development of
digital elevation models, topographic analyses, and terrain
6493. Independent Study in Geographic Techniques (1,2,3)May be repeated
for maximum of 6 s.h. P: Consent of instructor. Analysis of specific
problem in geographic techniques under direct supervisionof graduate
Meteorological Measurement Systems (3)2 lecture and 3 lab hours per
week. Principles of meteorological instruments and measurement
techniques; basic and advanced methods in datalogging, processing,
quality analysis and quality control; hands-on experience in labs, and
practical training via independent field project.
Atmosphere Turbulence (3)Mechanisms and characterization of atmospheric
turbulence in terms of fluid dynamics and mathematical methods.
Modeling and measurementtechniques in study of atmospheric turbulence.
Advanced Micrometeorology (3)Advanced measurement and modeling
techniques and their use in micrometeorological research; estimation of
exchange of momentum, massand energy between Earth’s surface and lowest
atmosphere, and their representation in large-scale meteorological
Coastal Storms (3)Advanced dynamics, analysis, and forecasting of
extratropical and tropical storms. History of storms in the Carolinas
and current mitigation plans.
Synoptic Meteorology and Forecasting (3) (S)Analysis and forecasting of
mid-latitude weather systems as characterized by large-scale dynamics.
Includes advanced techniques of weatheranalysis, map interpretation, and
satellite and radar analysis.
Applied Urban Climatology (3) (F)Impact of urbanization upon
atmospheric processes, including energetic balance, precipitation,
atmospheric circulation, and pollution.
Advanced Hydrometeorology (3)Theory of atmospheric processes related to
surface hydrology. Measurement, prediction, and climate analysis
techniques of hydrometeorologicalvariables and associated weather and
Advanced Radar and Satellite Meteorology (3)P: Consent of instructor.
Theoretical basis for weather observations with radar and satellite
Advanced Tropical Meteorology (3)P: Consent of instructor. Tropical
atmosphere as key component of global weather and climate and climate
Environmental Forensics (3)P: CHEM 1150, 1151, 1160, 1161; or
equivalent; or consent of instructor. Identification of environmental
pollutants, estimation of their source(s), quantification of how long
the pollution has persisted, and assessment of human health and
ecosystem exposure. Investigation of commonenvironmental contamination
within air, water, soil, groundwater, sediments, and biota.
3500. Hydrogeology and the Environment (3)Hydrogeology with emphasis on environmental water resources issues.
The Geologic Component of Environmental Science (3)P: Introductory GEOL
course or consent of instructor. Basic geologic knowledge and insights
that support sound, rational, and science basedenvironmental decisions
and policies in regard to land and water use. Topics include pollution
abatement, clean up, and prevention; resourceextraction, use, and
conservation; and hazardous geologic processes
Introduction to Aqueous Geochemistry (3)2 lectures and 1 3-hour lab per
week. P: CHEM 1150, 1151, 1160, 1161; or equivalent. Application of
chemical principles to study of elements atearth’s surface; their
transportation in aqueous solutions; and weathering, groundwater, and
surface water chemistry, geochemical cycles, anddistribution of stable
Geohydrology of Drainage Basins (3,0)2 lectures and 1 3-hour lab per
week. P: GEOL 1500, 1501; or consent of instructor. Drainage basin
geology and hydrology. Emphasis onquantitative analysis, evaporation,
streamflow, and hydrologic parameters of surface water and ground water
5710, 5711. Ground
Water Hydrology (3,0)2 lectures and 1 3-hour lab per week. P: GEOL
1500, 1501; or consent of instructor. Origin, occurrence, movement,
quality, regional analysis,and management of ground water.
Interrelationship of ground and surface water. Lab emphasis on aquifer
test data collection and interpretation.
6551. Principles of Geophysics (3,0)2 lectures and 1 3-hour lab per
week. P: GEOL 3300, 3301; PHYS 1250, 1260 or equivalent. Seismology,
gravity, rock magnetism, and heat flowas applied to earth. Emphasis on
relationships between large scale features of earth and their
geophysical characteristics. Lab introducesgeophysical instrumentation,
data processing, and interpretation.
7601. Remote Sensing of Coastal Environments (4,0)2 lectures and 1 lab
per week. P: Consent of instructor. Application of optical remote
sensing to examinations of material transport within andbetween coupled
land – ocean systems. Introduces image processing and analysis,
integration of field measurement technologies and algorithmdevelopment.
Emphasis is on the use of remote sensing as a research and
7711. Groundwater Modeling (4,0)3 lectures and 1 3-hour lab per week. P:
GEOL 5710, 5711; or consent of instructor. Principles and procedures
for numerical modeling focusing ondesign and practical applications of
groundwater models in hydrogeology.
Sediment Transport and Depositional Processes (4)P: GEOL 4010 or
consent of instructor. Examines processes involved in transport and
deposition of sediment. Focus on fundamental principles andhow they
apply to active processes, recent sediment, and environmental
Advanced Surface Water/Groundwater Hydrology (4,0)P: GEOL 5710, 5711; or
consent of instructor. Advanced hydrologic topics with emphasis on
computer applications and modeling. Evaluatessteady-state and
nonsteady-state models and applied aspects of hydrology related to
management of water resources.
Principles of Biogeochemical Interactions (3) Formerly GEOL 6830P: CHEM
1160. General introduction to life’s effects on chemistry of Earth’s
surface. Examines interactions between atmosphere, land surface,and
oceans. Stresses human impact on global environmental chemistry.
Fluid Mechanics (4) 3 lecture and 2 lab hours per weekP: ENGR 2450 with
minimum grade of C (2.0); MATH 2154. Fluid systems including fluid
statics; conservation of mass, momentum, and energy;incompressible
inviscid flow; similitude; internal and external incompressible viscous
flow; and fluid machinery.
Environmental Resources Planning and Management (3)P: PLAN 3010 or
equivalent or consent of instructor. Frame of reference for studying
natural resources for purpose of development.
Land Use Planning (3)2 lecture and 2 lab hours per week. Social,
economic, physical, and environmental aspects of urban land use and
planning. Other tools foreffective planning.
6003. Design For The Built Environment (3) (F)Urban design theories, tools and determinants of urban form.
Research in Environmental Planning (3)P: PLAN 6020; consent of
instructor. Specific problem in environmental planning and management
under direct supervision of planning graduatefaculty member.
Advanced Water Resources Management and Planning (3)Same as GEOG 6270.
Advanced investigation of spatial and temporal characteristics of water.
Consideration of hydrologic, engineering,economic, and institutional
aspects of water management.
Environmental Politics (3)Energy and environmental policies, especially
governmental responses to conflicting goals of clean environment and
RECREATION AND LEISURE STUDIES
Outdoor Recreation Activities (3)Knowledge and skills related to
outdoor recreation activities for lifetime leisure skill development.
Choose two areas: backpacking, sea kayaking,whitewater kayaking, caving,
surfing, or canoeing. Three field trips required. Requires additional
fees. May be repeated up to 6 s.h. with differentskills areas by
permission of instructor.
Aquatic Facility Management (3)Operation, maintenance, and management
of aquatic facilities used for recreation, exercise, therapy,
competition, education programs, and otheraquatic-related programs.
Life and Environmental Science Grades K-6 (3)Life and environmental
science content, investigations, conceptual development and reasoning
appropriate for K-6 level students.
Earth Systems Science Grades K-6 (3)Earth systems science content,
investigations, conceptual development and reasoning appropriate for K-6
Investigations in Physical and Earth Science (4) (F,S,SS)Two 2-hour
lectures/labs per week. Series of selected topics and investigations in
physical and earth sciences. Science concepts treated in depth.Emphasis
on role of investigative approach.
Investigations in Life and Environmental Science (4) (F,S,SS)Two 2-hour
lectures/labs per week. Development of skills in utilizing living
organisms and school yard environment to provide learningexperiences for