East Carolina University. Tomorrow starts here.®
 
H1N1
Information about the 2009 H1N1 Flu


Treatment
Gold Curve
 
 
 
 
Treatment
 
 
 
 
 
 
divider
 

This Web site is designed to answer all your questions about East Carolina University's proactive response to the 2009 H1N1 flu Virus. If you have any questions, please contact:

Student Health Service
Division of Academic and Student Affairs
East Carolina University 252.328.6841
www.ecu.edu/studenthealth/

Treatment

Self Treatment  |  Recommendations

Pandemic influenza A (2009 H1N1 flu) continues to cause illness around the world, particularly among children and young adults. In North Carolina, levels of influenza activity remained above normal throughout the summer and are expected to increase in fall. Clusters of influenza-like illness have already been reported in colleges and universities.

In addition to early isolation of cases and other mitigation strategies, to protect students, staff, and the broader community during this academic year, the North Carolina Division of Public Health is providing the following guidance regarding use of antiviral medications in college and university settings:

Antiviral Medications for Prevention of Illness (Chemoprophylaxis)
  • Antiviral medications should not be used for prevention of illness among healthy students or staff with known or suspected exposures to influenza.
  • Antiviral chemoprophylaxis should be used wisely to decrease opportunities for development of antiviral resistance.
  • Use of antiviral medications for post-exposure chemoprophylaxis can be considered for persons at higher risk for influenza-related complications.
  • Emphasis on early treatment is an alternative to post-exposure chemoprophylaxis and might reduce opportunities for development of oseltamivir resistance.

Antiviral Medications for Treatment of Illness
  • Antiviral treatment with either oseltamivir (Tamiflu®) or zanamivir (Relenza®) is recommended for all patients with confirmed or suspected cases of pandemic influenza A (2009 H1N1 flu) virus infection who are hospitalized or who are at higher risk for influenza complications.
  • Healthy patients with uncomplicated illness need not be treated with antivirals, and such treatment is not recommended by the CDC or WHO
  • Antiviral medication for treatment may be obtained from the Local Health Department for those students who have no alternative means of obtaining it. This is an approved use of antivirals distributed though the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) in May 2009.
Complete CDC recommendations regarding antiviral treatment and chemoprophylaxis are available at www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/recommendations.htm. Current information about flu activity in North Carolina is available at www.flu.nc.gov.

All colleges and universities are encouraged to work closely with local health departments in order to prevent the spread of influenza. Self-isolation of ill persons, good hand and respiratory hygiene, and vaccination (when available) should be the cornerstones of strategies to prevent transmission of influenza.

Detailed guidance and communication materials for colleges and universities are available at www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu/institutions/toolkit.