Tony Boudreaux

(PhD, UNC Chapel Hill, 2005)
Office: 287 Flanagan Building
Telephone: 252-328-9462

About Me

I am an archaeologist who studies the late prehistoric and Contact period Native American societies of the southeastern United States. In my research, I have used artifactual, architectural, and mortuary data to explore social and political differences that existed in Native American communities. I am particularly interested in exploring how social groups interacted to create and maintain communities that persisted for long periods of time. Investigating the construction, use, and evolution of public architecture—especially in the form of earthen monuments such as platform mounds—has been particularly important in my research. I have investigated a number of mound sites in North Carolina, Mississippi, and Alabama. I am interested in what architectural differences and the construction of monuments can tell us about ancient communities. Methodologically, I am most interested in the analysis of aboriginal ceramics.

Much of my research over the last 10 years has focused on the Town Creek site, the archaeological remains of a Native American town that was located in the North Carolina piedmont between A.D. 1100 and 1400. This research has used architectural, mortuary, and ceramic data to investigate how the community at Town Creek changed during its long occupation. During the past five years, I have also investigated the Jackson Landing site in coastal Mississippi. This site is an early Late Woodland (ca. A.D. 650) ceremonial center with large earthen monuments that include a linear earthwork and a platform mound. Investigations of the mound have shown that it was the locus of large-group gatherings that involved moundbuilding, the manipulation of special objects, and feasting events that included the preparation and consumption of food on a large scale. The amount of labor represented in the site’s monuments and the residues of large, public rituals suggest that Jackson Landing represents an early manifestation of regional sociopolitical integration in its area.

My research plans for the immediate future include continuing to investigate both Town Creek and Jackson Landing. There are innumerable opportunities for more research at both sites based on additional fieldwork, the analysis of existing data, and the examination of existing collections. Several graduate students have been involved in investigations of both sites, and I am eager to involve more students in this research in the future.

Prior to my arrival at East Carolina in 2008, I was a Senior Project Manager for an environmental consulting firm on the Mississippi Gulf Coast where I was responsible for developing and directing cultural resources management projects. Much of my work during that time focused on federal recovery projects following Hurricane Katrina in 2005. I received a Ph.D. from the Department of Anthropology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 2005, a M.A. from the University of Alabama in 1997, and a B.A. from Mississippi State University in 1994.

Selected Publications and Research Reports

2012 (under review) The Creation of Ritual Space at the Jackson Landing Site in Coastal Mississippi. In Landscapes and People of the Early and Middle Woodland Southeast, edited by Alice Wright and Edward Henry. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

2012 (under review) The Current State of Town Creek Research: What have We Learned after the First 75 Years? In The Archaeology of Piedmont North Carolina: Old Things Seen in a New Light, edited by R. P. Stephen Davis Jr. North Carolina Archaeological Council.

2011 Archaeological Investigations at Jackson Landing (22Ha515): An Early Late Woodland Mound and Earthwork Site in Coastal Mississippi. Department of Anthropology and Phelps Archaeology Labs, East Carolina University, Greenville. Submitted to Historic Preservation Division, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson.

2011 Dating the Construction of Early Late Woodland Earthen Monuments at the Jackson Landing Site in Coastal Mississippi. Southeastern Archaeology 30(2):351-364.

2010 A Functional Analysis of Mississippian Ceramic Vessels from Town Creek. Southeastern Archaeology 29(1):8-30.

2010 Mound Construction and Change in the Mississippian Community at Town Creek. In Mississippian Mortuary Practices: Beyond Hierarchy and the Representationist Perspective, edited by Robert C. Mainfort and Lynne P. Sullivan, pp. 195-233. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

2009 A Post-Hurricane Katrina Archaeological Site-Assessment Survey along the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Coastal Environments, Inc., Baton Rouge. Submitted to Historic Preservation Division, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson, and Transitional Recovery Office, Federal Emergency Management Agency, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Biloxi.

2007 The Archaeology of Town Creek. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

2007 A Mississippian Ceramic Chronology for the Town Creek Region. North Carolina Archaeology 56:1-57.

Personal Pages and Links

Curriculum Vitae


Department News

 Dr, Bailey's article, "A New Online Strategy in Teaching Racial and Ethnic Health and Health Disparities to Public Health Professionals" was accepted by the Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. It will appear in the 2016 issue of the Journal.

Excavations in the Western Negev Highlands: Results of the Negev Emergency Survey 1978-89  by Dr. Benjamin Saidel and co-author M. Haimon was published December 2014 by British Archaeological Reports. See here for more.


Haley Drabek translated the Tyrrell Water Management Study finalized in 2014 into 9 separate brochures, one for each proposed water management district. She spent six weeks visiting property owners in each district to explain the benefits of participating in the localized water management district and asking for signatures of intent to join.

Anna Claire researched existing oral history booklets at the Tyrrell Visitor Center and then interviewed elderly Tyrrell County residents who grew up in the county. She taped these interviews for safe keeping at the Visitor Center and is currently writing narrative reports of the collected information, one for each conversation partner. These reports will be bound and held at the Tyrrell County Visitor Center for interested readers. Anna Claire has also been involved with a group of children in the county with a diverse ethnic background. Under Anna Claire's direction the children are currently writing a newsletter that will report on the children's experiences of growing up in Tyrrell County, exploring their favorite places, activities, and hopes for their future.  

 Click here to see Anthropology's latest Newsletter

East Carolina ranks number one for the second consecutive year as the provider of graduate degrees for the Register of Professional Archaeologists registrants! Read more here

 Dr. Holly Mathews and Dr. Laura Mazow were recognized for their outstanding teaching methods by students during the Spring 2015 semester from the College STAR.

Student response for Dr. Mathews:

"She gives feedback and forces her students to expand their mind and explore alternate theories or explanations. She wants her students to discuss topics in class instead of just listening to her talk the entire time."

Student response for Dr. Mazow:

"We have a small class which allows many opportunities for a lot of class discussion...She always provides feedback and answers to our journal entries and is always available when we need help." 

Congratulations to them both!

This summer two undergraduate anthropology students at East Carolina University, Tyler Beasley and Anna Lawrence, worked as interns for the Hyde County Office of Planning and Economic Development through the State Employees' Credit Union Foundation public service internship program. Both interns worked on research projects aimed at improving economic development by better understanding the needs of the local business community.


Marina Clough, also an undergraduate anthropology student at East Carolina University, completed an internship at Wanchese Industrial Park and provided an overview of webpages and print media that write or advertise about sailing related events, helped plan the Regatta of Sail NC and conducted 40 interviews with participants.

Dr. Charles Ewen interviewed for the New York Times. Is it the Roanoke Island Colony? Read more to find out!