Title: Assistant Professor
Area of Study: Conservation Biology, Invasion Biology, Parasite Ecology, Marine Ecology
Office: S104 Howell Science Complex
Address: East Carolina University
Department of Biology
Greenville, NC 27858
Ph.D.: Zoology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire, USA, 2007
M.A.: Biology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, 2001
B.A.: Biology (with concentration in Marine Science), Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, 1998
As a researcher interested
in conservation biology in marine systems, I have developed a diverse research
program involving biodiversity, population genetics, parasite ecology, and
biogeography—as well as the unique and integrative insight that can be gained
from studying biological invasions. Recently, biological invasions have become
recognized as a major contributor to the global (and often disjunct)
distributions of many marine species as a result of their movement and establishment
via human transport mechanisms. Invasion research is therefore important not
only from a conservation perspective but can provide theoretical and practical
understanding of population and community level influences of novel species,
and can also serve as an important teaching tool for students and the general
public. Marine invasions are a major part of human-induced global change,
including population, community, and ecosystem-level shifts in marine biota,
genetics, and the environment. I have examined many integrative aspects of
marine invasions, focusing in four major areas: global distribution patterns (biogeography and phylogeography) and demography of free-living and parasite
species, population genetics and population
ecology in native and non-native populations, species interactions and community ecology among native and
non-native organisms, and parasite
ecology in native and non-native populations (including impacts on behavior
and physiology). I employ marine invertebrates as model organisms as they have
contributed vast numbers of introductions globally, and they also serve as
hosts to marine parasites, which are a fundamental but often overlooked
component of many marine systems, and which can become cryptic invaders themselves.
Byers JE, Holmes ZC, Blakeslee AMH (2016) Consistency of trematode infection prevalence in host populations across large spatial and temporal scales. Ecology. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ecy.1440/fullFreeman AS, Frischeisen A, Blakeslee AMH (2016) Estuarine fouling communities are dominated by nonindigenous species in the presence of an invasive crab. Biological Invasions. DOI 10.1007/s10530-016-1108-3.http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10530-016-1108-3Kroft KL, Blakeslee AMH (2016) Comparison of parasite diversity in native panopeid mud crabs and the invasive Asian shore crab in estuaries of northeast North America. Aquatic Invasions 11: 287-301.
Fowler AE, Blakeslee AMH, Canning-Clode J, Repetto MF, Phillip AM, Carlton JT, Moser FC, Ruiz GM, Miller AW (2016) Opening Pandora’s bait box: a potent vector for biological invasions of live marine species. Diversity & Distributions. 22: 30-42.
Phelan K, Blakeslee AMH, Krause M, Williams JD (2016) First documentation and molecular confirmation of three trematode species (Platyhelminthes: Trematoda) infecting the polychaete Marenzelleria viridis (Annelida: Spionidae). Parasitology Research. 115: 183-194.
Blakeslee, AMH. (2015). Parasites and Genetics in Marine Invertebrate Introductions: Signatures of Diversity Declines across Systems. In: Biological Invasions in Changing Ecosystems: Vectors, Ecological Impacts, Management and Predictions (Ed. J. Canning Clode). De Gruyter Open (Warsaw, Poland). pp 138-182. (Invited Book Chapter).
Blakeslee AMH, Keogh CL, Fowler AE, Griffen BD (2015) Assessing the effects
of trematode infection on invasive green crabs in eastern North America. PLoS
ONE 10(6): e0128674.
Darling JA, Tsai YHE, Blakeslee AMH, Roman J (2014) Are genes faster
than crabs? Intraspecific admixture facilitates expansion of mitochondrial
genomes beyond an established population range limit. Royal Society Open
Science 1: 140202.
Blakeslee AMH, Fowler AE, Keogh CL (2013) Marine invasions and parasite
escape: updates and new perspectives. Advances in Marine Biology. 66: 87-169.
Freeman AS, Blakeslee AMH, Fowler AE (2013) Range expansion of the
rhizocephalan Loxothylacus panopaei
(Gissler, 1884) in the northwest Atlantic. Aquatic Invasions. 8: 347-353.
Blakeslee AMH, Fowler AE (2012). Aquatic introductions and genetic
founder effects: how do parasites compare to hosts? In: Genetic Diversity I (M.
Caliskan, ed.). InTech. Pages 315-336.
Blakeslee AMH, Altman I, Miller AW, Byers JE, Hamer CE, Ruiz GM (2012).
Parasites and invasions: a biogeographic examination of parasites and hosts in
native and introduced ranges. Journal of Biogeography. 39: 609-622.
Pringle JM, Blakeslee AMH, Byers JE, Roman J (2011). Asymmetric
dispersal allows an upstream region to control population structure throughout
a species' range. PNAS 108: 15288-15293.
Panova M, Blakeslee AMH, Miller AW, Makinen T, Ruiz GM, Johannesson K, Andre
C (2011). Survival of a North Atlantic marine snail in multiple glacial
refugia--implications for phylogeographic patterns. PLOS One. 6(3): e17511.
Chang AL, Blakeslee AMH, Miller AW, Ruiz GM (2011). Establishment
failure in biological invasions: A case history of Littorina littorea in California, USA. PLOS One. 6(1): e16035.
Altman I, Blakeslee AMH, Osio GC, Rillahan C, Teck S, Meyers JJ, Byers
JJ, Rosenberg AA (2011). A practical approach to guide the implementation
of ecosystem-based management using the Gulf of Maine marine ecosystem as a case
study. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. Frontiers in Ecology and the
Environment. 9: 183–189.
Blakeslee AMH, McKenize CH, Darling JA, Byers JE, Pringle JM, Roman J
(2010). A hitchhiker's guide to the Maritimes: anthropogenic transport
facilitates long-distance dispersal of a marine crab to Newfoundland. Diversity
and Distributions. 16: 879-891.
Blakeslee AMH, Keogh CL, Byers JE, Kuris AM, Lafferty KL, Torchin ME
(2009) Differential escape from parasites by two competing introduced crabs.
Marine Ecology Progress Series. 393: 83-96.
Brawley SH, Coyer JA, Blakeslee AMH, Olsen JL, Hoarau G, Johnson LE,
Byers JE, Stam WT (2009) Historical invasions of the intertidal zone of
Atlantic North America associated with distinctive patterns of trade and
emigration. PNAS. 106: 8239-8244.
Blakeslee AMH, Byers JE, Lesser MP (2008) Resolving cryptogenic
histories using host and parasite genetics. Molecular Ecology 17: 3684-3696.
Blakeslee AMH, Byers JE (2008) Using parasites to inform ecological
history: comparisons among three congeneric marine snails. Ecology 89:
Byers JE, Blakeslee AMH, Linder E, Cooper A, Maguire T (2008) Controls
of spatial variation in the abundance of marine trematode parasites. Ecology
Chapman JW, Blakeslee AMH, Carlton JT, Bellinger MR (2008) Parsimony
dictates a human introduction: On the use of genetic (and other) data to
distinguish between the natural and human-mediated invasion of the European
snail Littorina littorea in North
America. Biological Invasions 10: 131-133.
Blakeslee AMH (2008) "Native or invasive? The case history of the
marine snail, Littorina littorea, in
northeast North America" in Oceans Past: Management Insights from the
History of Marine Animal Populations (D. Starkey, P. Holm, M. Barnard, eds.).
Earthscan, London, England, pp. 7-24.
Wares JP, Blakeslee AMH (2007) AFLP data provide poor resolution to the
Littorina littorea puzzle. Marine
Biology Research 3: 168-174.
Chapman JW, Carlton JT, Bellinger MR, Blakeslee AMH. 2007. Premature
refutation of a human-mediated marine species introduction: the case history of
the marine snail, Littorina littorea,
in the Northwestern Atlantic. Biological Invasions 9: 737-750.
Wood CL, Byers JE, Cottingham KL, Altman I, Donahue M, Blakeslee AMH (2007)
Parasites alter community structure. PNAS 104: 9335-9339.
Environmental Biology (BIOL 1060)