Richard Crawford

Title: Adjunct Research Associate Professor
Area of Study: Fish Ecology
Address: Department of Biology
East Carolina University
Greenville, NC 27858


Ph.D.: Department of Zoology, University of Maine, 1978.

M.Sc.: College of Natural Resources and Sciences, Humboldt State University, 1975.

B.Sc.: Department of Biology, University of Rhode Island, 1972

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Research Interests:

Organism response to natural and man-made alterations in physical and physico-chemical conditions in shallow and high latitude habitats, particularly in the context of anticipated impacts of climate change.

Applied, fishery-based research of specific concerns, such as topical management or conservation issues that can be addressed with cooperative research in partnership with members of the commercial fishing and aquaculture community.


Matley, J.K., R.E. Crawford and T.A. Dick. 2012. Summer foraging behaviour of shallowdiving seabirds and distribution of their prey, Arctic cod (Boreogadus saida), in the Canadian Arctic. Polar Research. 31, 15894,

Matley, J.K., R.E. Crawford and T.A. Dick. 2012. Observation of common raven (Corvus corax) scavenging Arctic cod (Boreogadus saida) from seabirds in the Canadian High Arctic. Polar Biol. (Online First). (DOI) 10.1007/s00300-011-1148-1.

Crawford, R.E., S. Vagle and E.C. Carmack. 2012. Water mass and bathymetric characteristics of Arctic cod habitat along the continental shelf and slope of the Beaufort and Chukchi seas. Polar Biol. 35(2): 179-190. (DOI) 10.1007/s00300-011-1051-9.

Crawford, R.E. 2002. Secondary wake turbidity from small boat operation in a shallow sandy bay. J. Coast. Res., 37: 49-64.

Gaines, A.G., and R. E. Crawford. 2001. Sediment Mobilization in a Small Commercial Harbor: The Role of Vessel Operations. Proceedings of the International Conference on Port and Maritime R&D and Technology, 29 - 31 October 2001, Singapore.

Andrews, J.A., M.A. Charette, R.E. Crawford, R. Splivalo, and K.O. Buesseler. 2000. Utility of radium isotopes for evaluating the input and transport of groundwater-derived nitrogen to a Cape Cod estuary. EOS, 80(49), OS15.

Newell, S.Y., L.K. Blum, R.E. Crawford, T. Dai, and M. Dionne. 2000. Autumnal biomass and productivity of saltmarsh fungi from 29' to 43' North Latitude. Appl. Environ. Microbial. 66: 180-185.

Crawford, R.E., M.J. Moore, and N.E. Stolpe. 1998. Proceedings: The Environmental Impacts of Boating (Eds.). December 7-9, 1994, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass. U.S.A.

Crawford, R.E. 1998. Measuring boating effects on turbidity in a shallow coastal lagoon. In: R.E. Crawford, M.J. Moore, and N.E. Stolpe (Eds.). Proceedings: The Environmental Impacts of Boating. December 7-9, 1994, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass. U.S.A.

Hop, H., H. Welch, and R. Crawford. 1997. Population structure and feeding ecology of Arctic cod schools in the Canadian High Arctic. Pages 68-79 in J. Reynolds, ed. Fish ecology in Arctic North America. American Fisheries Society Symposium 19, Bethesda, Maryland.

Crawford, R.E., and J. Jorgenson. 1996. Quantitative studies of Arctic cod (Boreogadus saida) schools: Important energy stores in the Arctic food web. Arctic 49: 181-193.

Welch, H.E., R.E. Crawford, and H. Hop. 1993. Occurrence of Arctic cod (Boreogadus saida) schools and their vulnerability to predation in the Canadian High Arctic. Arctic 46: 33 1-339.

Hudon, C., R.E. Crawford, and R.G. Ingram. 1993. Influence of physical forcing on the spatial distribution of marine fauna near Resolution Island (eastern Hudson Strait). Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 92: 1-14.

Crawford, R.E., and J. Jorgenson. 1993. Schooling behaviour of Arctic cod in relation to drifting pack ice. Envir. Biol. Fish. 36: 345-357.

Welch, H.E., M.A. Bergmann, T.D. Siferd, K.A. Martin, M.F. Curtis, R.E. Crawford, R.J. Conover, and H. Hop. 1992. Energy flow through the marine ecosystem of Lancaster Sound Region, Arctic Canada. Arctic. 45: 343-357.

Hudon, C., D.G. Parsons, and R.E. Crawford. 1992. Die1 pelagic foraging by a pandalid shrimp (Pandalus montagui) off Resolution Island (Eastern Hudson Strait). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 49: 565-576.

Crawford, R.E., C. Hudon, and D.G. Parsons. 1992. An acoustic study of shrimp (Pandalus montagui) distribution near Resolution Island (eastern Hudson Strait). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 49: 842-856.

Crawford, R.E., and J.K. Fox. 1992. Visualizing echo sounder data with a microcomputer. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1840: 17 p.

Crawford, R. 1990. Hydroacoustic observations of the vertical distribution of macrozooplankton in eastern Hudson Strait. (Abstract) Page 159. In: J.A. Percy (Ed.) Proceedings of a workshop: Marine Ecosystem Studies in Hudson Strait. November 9-10, 1989, Montréa1, Québec. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1770: xiv + 175 p.

Crawford, R., and J. Jorgenson. 1990. Density distribution of fish at the Admiralty Inlet landfast ice edge, in the presence of whales. Arctic 43: 215-222.

Crawford, R.E. 1989. Exploitation of Arctic fishes. Can. Manuscr. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 2002: 43 p.

Crawford, R.E. 1988. Fisheries acoustics in the High Arctic: under-ice applications. Pages 95-98. In: Department of Fisheries and Oceans 1988 Hydroacoustic Workshop Proceedings. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1641.

Crawford, R., J. Jorgenson and K. Martin-Bergmann. 1987. Monitoring fish density and distribution beneath landfast sea ice in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. International Symposium on Fisheries Acoustics, June 22-26, 1987, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A. 21 pp.

Crawford, R.E., and C.G. Carey. 1985. Retention of winter flounder larvae within a Rhode Island salt pond. Estuaries 8: 217-227.

Crawford, R.E. 1984. Rhode Island lagoon fisheries: The consequences of 100 years of habitat restoration. Pages 271-294. In: Management of coastal lagoon fisheries. Amenagement des peches dans les lagunes cotieres. J.M. Kapetsky and G. Lasserre (Ed.). Stud. Rev. GFCMIEtud. Rev. CGPM, 61.

Crawford, R.E. 1980. Sled for sampling benthic fish larvae. Progressive Fish-Culturist. 42: 118-119.

Patrick, R., J.E. Colt, R.E. Crawford, B.A. Manny, R.C. Russo, R.V. Thurston, and G.A. Wedemeyer. 1979. Nitrates, nitrites. Pages 158-162. In: A review of the EPA Red Book: Quality criteria for water. R.V. Thurston, R.C. Russo, C.M. Fetterolf, Jr., T.A. Edsall, and L.M. Barber, Jr. (Eds.). Water Quality Section, American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.

Crawford, R.E. 1979. Effect of starvation and experimental feeding on the proximate composition and caloric content of an Antarctic teleost, Notothenia coriiceps neglecta. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 62A: 321-326.

Crawford, R.E. 1978. Different rates of oxygen consumption by longhorn sculpin (Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus) in an apparatus designed for shipboard use. Mar. Biol. 44: 377-381.

Crawford, R.E., and G.H. Allen. 1977. Seawater inhibition of nitrite toxicity to chinook salmon. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 106: 105-109.