Thomas Kurt Knoerl
BENEATH NIAGARA: A METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH TO AN INUDATED EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY SITE.
(Under the direction of Professor Gordon P. Watts, Jr.) Department of History, April 1994.
A large artifact assemblage was discovered in Old Fort Niagara's cove in 1988. The nature of this collection and what it represents is the subject of this thesis. The historical and archaeological research detailed herein tests the hypothesis that the artifacts were not randomly deposited throughout the cove but in a pattern. Experiments with different testing procedures resulted in a methodology which provided data on a stratigraphy and artifact provenience. Historical and artifactual analysis suggests the assemblage marks the approximate location of an historic shoreline dating from 1762 to the mid-1780's. Data concerning the Fort's military and civilian populations during the British occupation period have been recovered from the cove, thus adding to the historic record. But more importantly, the success of the methodology offers the opportunity to conduct similar research at other sites.