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Keith Meverden

CURRITUCK SOUND REGIONAL REMOTE SENSING SURVEY, CURRITUCK COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA.

(Under the direction of Professor Lawrence E. Babits) Department of History, April 2005.

Currituck Sound is the northernmost sound on North Carolina's eastern coast, extending south from the Virginia-North Carolina border to Albemarle Sound. Since the sixteenth century the region has seen a wide range of vessels, from large ocean-going ships to small local craft. The remains of many different vessels may be present in Currituck Sound, but until this time no systematic research has been conducted on the region's maritime history or the archaeological remains that may exist. Utilizing a predictive modeling framework developed for locating sites within riverine environments and a random sampling methodology, approximately 3% of the Sound's waters were surveyed using a marine magnetometer and side scan sonar. Hypotheses generated from the predictive model were statistically tested against survey results. Many trends were discovered, but most failed to achieve statistical significance; the riverine predictive model did not hold for the Currituck Sound environment. Areas within 500 meters of the Intracoastal Waterway were found to have significantly more submerged cultural deposits than all other areas of Currituck Sound.