Commonly Employed Interventions
ICD Specific Education
Patient-friendly information regarding cardiac function and dysfunction, cardiac devices and device-specific functions (i.e. pacing and shock), planning for shock, returning to life after implant and/or shock, occupational limitations, physical and sexual activity, driving, electromagnetic interference, device recall, and families and relationships.
Empirically supported relaxation and stress management techniques (e.g. diaphragmatic breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery, autogenic training), and sleep hygiene.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
A type of psychotherapy that focuses on modifying cognitions, assumptions, beliefs and behaviors, with the aim of influencing emotions. Patients are taught to identify and challenge negative automatic thoughts and in turn, often experience a sense of increased control over their health, life, and current medical situation.