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STUDY TOUR TO RUSSIA
Report submitted by Dr. Punam Madhok

ART MUSEUMS VISITED:
In Moscow: The Tretyakov Gallery and The Pushkin Fine Arts Museum In St. Petersburg: The State Russian Museum and The State Hermitage Museum

Visiting these Art Museums was the highlight of my visit to Russia. I was able to study in detail sculptures imitating Antique Statues, Renaissance and Baroque masters and their followers such as Canova, and a few works of Asian art, for example, the Buddhist wall-paintings from the Bezeklik Monastery in Central Asia, 7th-11th century CE. This study has undoubtedly expanded my knowledge of these areas in Art History.

I particularly enjoyed the exposure to Russian art since I was seeing most of these works for the very first time. I found the wide range of Icon paintings that continued to be produced until the 17th century CE fascinating and mysterious. I saw magnificent landscapes, beautiful portraits, unusual interpretations of biblical and mythological stories, and very impressionable history paintings by Russian artists from the 18th century onward, for example, Hovhannes Aivazovsky (1817-1900), Karl Brulov (1799-1852), Konstantin Flavitsky (1830-1866), Nikolai Ge (1831-1894), A. Ivanov (1806-1858), Vasily Polenov (1844-1927), Ilya E. Repin (1844-1930), Ghenrih Semiradsky (1843-1902), Z.Ye.Serebryakova (1884-1967), Vasily I. Surikov (1848-1916), V.V.Vereshchagin (1842-1904), and Parmen Zabello (1830-1917).

The following are photographs that I took of some of the sculptures at The Hermitage:



Canova's Penitent Magdalena
Antonio Canova (1757-1822)
Penitent Magdalene
Marble


Triscornia's Sleeping Ariadne
Paolo Andrea Triscornia (1757-1833)
Sleeping Ariadne (after the antique)
Marble
Mayer's Girl putting through her earring
Eduard Mayer (1812-1881)
Girl putting through her Earring (1861)
Marble
Santarelli's Narcissus
Emilio Santarelli (1801-1886)
Narcissus (1855)
Marble

Mentioned below are some of the books I came across in these Art Museum-Book Stores. They will guide me in my teaching and research projects.

M.Archer, C.Rowell, R.Skelton, Treasures from India: the Clive Collection at Powis Castle, New York: Meredith Press, 1987, ISBN: 0941533018.

The Art of Mstiora, State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg: Palace Edition, 1997.

Elena Basner, "I Love Petersburg-": The Russian Museum in Moscow; The Russian Museum and The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts; in celebration of the Tercentenary of St. Petersburg, trans. Kenneth Maclnnes, Bad Breisig: Palace Editions, 2003,
ISBN: 3935298498.

Bruce Boucher, ed., Earth and Fire: Italian Terracotta Sculpture from Donatello to Canova, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2001, ISBN: 300094558.

Gianni Guadalupi, The Great Treasures: The Goldsmith's Art from Ancient Egypt to the 20th Century, Edison, New Jersey: Chartwell Books, Inc., 2002, ISBN: 0785815252. [p.320: "The Jewels of the Maharaja" by Maria Ausilia Albanese; p.336: Bibliography on Indian Jewelry]

N.R.Guseva, C.Phillips, & A.Jung, Treasures of Catherine the Great, London: Hermitage Development Trust, 2000, ISBN: 0953949702. V.A.Gusev, E.A.Petrova, & K.Maclnnes, Fairy Tales in Russia, Russia: Palace Editions, 2001,
ISBN: 3930775972.

Vladimir Gusyev and Yevgenia Petrova, The Russian Museum: A Centennial Celebration of a National Treasure, ed. Yevgenia Petrova, St. Petersburg: Palace Editions, 1998, (Distributed by Harry N. Abrams Inc.), ISBN: 0810963574. [Ch.2: Icons, Old Russian Applied Art]

Icon Painting: State Museum of Palekh Art, Moscow: Progress Publishing Group, 1994, ISBN: 5010044188.

Lydia Jovleva, The State Tretyakov Gallery, History, and Collections, trans. Vanessa Bittner, The State Tretyakov Gallery: "Acropolis" Publishers, 1984, ISBN: 5865850105.

N.Kirdina, ed., State Tretyakov Gallery, Guidebook, trans. K.M.Cook, 2nd ed., revd., Moscow: Avant-Garde, 2000, ISBN: 5863941065.

Vladimir Loukonine and Anatoli Ivanov, Persian Art, London, 2003, ISBN: 1904310133.

Masterpieces of the Tretyakov Gallery, Russian Art of the 12th and Early 20th century: Painting, Drawing, Moscow: Trefoil Press, 2001, ISBN: 589480034X.

Yevgenia Petrova, The Golden Treasurer Trove of the Russian Museum, Russia: Palace Editions, 2002, ISBN 3930775468.

Mikhail Piotrovsky and Oleg Neverov, The Hermitage: Great Collections of a Great Museum, St. Petersburg: Slavia, 2003, ISBN: 5950100158.

Gennady Popov, Tver Icons: 13th-17th Centuries, St.Petersburg: Aurora Art Publishers, 1993, ISBN: 5730004923.

Russian Monasteries: Art and Tradition, St. Petersburg: Palace Edition: 1997, ISBN: 5900872599.

Larisa Soloviova, Easter Eggs, trans. Aleksandr N. Natarov, Kranj, Slovenia: Interbook Business, 1997, ISBN: 5891640309.

[p.15: "The Russian poet Marina Tsvetayeva once said that all gifts are given to the ignorant and the ungrateful, except the gift of the soul, which is nothing but conscience and memory."
"The best examples of Easter eggs with religious images are charged with such energy and impact so strongly that they really can rouse historic memory and illuminate our souls."
"The art of Easter eggs is a whole new world, a feature in the living image of Russia."]

V.N.Tyazhelov, Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Guide-book, trans. Kate Cook-Horujy, revd. ed., Moscow: Constanta, 2000, ISBN: 5931230084.

Sergei Vesnin, ed., The Hermitage, St. Petersburg: Ivan Fiodorov Art Publishers, 2002, ISBN: 5938930839.

Mark Zebrovsky, Gold, Silver and Bronze from Mughal India, London: Alexandria Press, 1997, ISBN: 1856691152.

OTHER SITES OF INTEREST:
I also enjoyed seeing the Summer Gardens and Summer Palace of Peter the Great at St. Petersburg, the Museums of the Moscow Kremlin, and the Churches and Cathedral, for example, St. Isaac's Cathedral, The Kazan Cathedral, and Church of the Savior on the Blood in St. Petersburg, and Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed and The Cathedral of the Savior in Moscow.

OTHER TREASURES OF RUSSIA:
The charming performances of Russian Folk dance and Ballet, the exquisite handicrafts, the stately and ornate underground Metros, the grand hotels and restaurants, the pleasant weather, and, of course, the "white" nights made my visit to Russia in June 2003 unforgettable!