Project Type: Core Research Feasibility
Project Description: North Carolina farmers suffer a large share of farm related injuries, illnesses and even death compared to the overall American farming population. Research conducted by Khan, 1978 revealed that the incidence of farm accidents was higher among poor farmers. A case study in Kansas found an increased risk of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma among farmers who used herbicides more than twenty days a year, and even higher risk was found for farmers who frequently mixed or applied herbicides themselves (Moses, 1981).
Respiratory problems are another hazard among farmers and agricultural workers in poultry and swine buildings. Another environmental hazard in agriculture occupation is exposure to excessive noise levels. The major source of noise is from tractors, swine and poultry.
Disparities in health status and access to health care among minority populations are a continuing public health concern. Minority and poorer communities are more likely to live in populated environments and to work in hazardous occupations.
The target audience will be minority farmers in selected counties of North Carolina. The purpose of this project is to investigate the health and safety of minority farmers in selected counties in North Carolina. There is a need to develop baseline information regarding to farm safety and health among the population of minority farmers.
The specific aims of this project are to:
- Develop a database of current and comprehensive information about the rate, nature, and severity of agricultural injuries and the general health status of Black farmers in the seven states of the Southern Coastal Agromedicine Center (SCAC) region (VA, NC, SC, GA, AL, MS, and FL).
- Demonstrate the ability of the 1890 Land Grant Universities to form a collaborative multidisciplinary, multi-state, multi-university Agromedicine Alliance to work on identification and control of the common regional problem of the agricultural health and safety of Black farmers.
- Use this project and the development of the Agromedicine Alliance as a model for the 1890 Universities to collaboratively address safety and health issues among Black farmers and thus help to reduce health disparities on Black Farms.
Outcome Assessment Report
Presentation: Assessment of Health and Safety of Black Farmers in the Southern Coastal Region
Poster: Issues on Farm Safety and Health: The case of North Carolina Minority Farmers
Survey: Health and Safety of Black Farmers in the Southern Coastal Region