W. Randolph Chitwood, Jr., MD, FACS, FRCS

W. Randolph Chitwood, Jr.

Director, East Carolina Heart Institute
Senior Associate Vice Chancellor for Health Sciences

ECU Physicians - Cardiothoracic Surgery
115 Heart Drive, Greenville, NC 27834

Administration: 252-744-4822 | Fax: 252-744-3051

Clinical Appointments: Amy Etheridge
Phone: 252-744-4536 | Fax: 252-744-9004 | Email: etheridgea@ecu.edu

HeartValveSurgery.com Profile

Specialties

  • Cardiothoracic Surgery
  • Thoracic Surgery

Clinical Areas

  • Cardiac Valve Surgery
  • Robotic Cardiac Surgery
  • Arrhythmia Surgery

Board Certification

  • General Surgery
  • Thoracic Surgery

Education

  • Medical School: University of Virginia School of Medicine, 1974
  • Internship: Duke University Medical Center, 1975
  • Residency: Duke University Medical Center, 1982
  • Fellowship: Duke University Medical Center, 1984

Publications

Rodriguez, E. & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2009). 'Robotics In Cardiac Surgery'. Scandinavian Journal of Surgery, 98, 1-5.

Modi, P., Hassan, A., Teng, C. J. , & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2008). 'How Many Cardiac Surgeons Does It Take to Write A Research Article?: Seventy Years of Authorship Proliferation and Internationalization In the Cardiothoracic Surgical Literature'. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 136 (1), 4-6.

Anderson, C. A., Kypson, A. P. , & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2008). Robotic Mitral Surgery: Current and Future Roles. Current Opinion in Cardiology, 23 (2), 117-120.

Kiser, A. C., Nifong, L. W. , Raman, J., Kasirajan, V., Campbell, N., Chitwood, Jr., WR., (2008). Evaluation of A Novel Epicardial Atrial Fibrillation Treatment System. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 85 (1), 300-303.

Modi, P., Rodriguez, E., & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2008). 'Minimally Invasive and Robotic Mitral Valve Repair'. Turkish Clinics, 1 (2), 9-19.

Chitwood, Jr., W. R., Rodriguez, E., Chu, M., Hassan, A., Ferguson, Jr., T. B. , Vos, P.W., & Nifong, L.W., (2008). 'Robotic mitral valve repairs in 300 patients: a single-center experience'. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 136 (2), 436-441.

Rodriguez, E., Nifong, L. W. , Chu, M., Wood, W., Vos, P. W. , & Chitwood Jr., W.R., (2008). Robotic mitral valve repair for anterior leaflet and bileaflet prolapse. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 85 (2), 438-444.

Sorrell, V. L., Habibzadeh, M. R. , Kaira, N., & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2008). 'After Mitral Valve Repair is Associated with a Poor Clinical Outcome: A Small Case Series'. Echocardiography, 25 (8), 835-839.

Ishikawa, N., Sun, Y. S. , Nifong, L. W. , Watanabe, G., & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2008). 'Port-access Atrium Retractors for Totally Endoscopic Mitral Valve Surgery: The Tornado Retractor, the Butterfly Retractor, and the Semiautomic Butterfly Retractor'. Surgical Endoscopy, 22 (9), 2088-2090.

Chitwood, Jr., W. R., Spray, T. L. , Feins, R. H. , & Mack, M. J. (2008). 'Mission Critical: Thoracic Surgery Education Reform'. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 86 (4), 1061-1062.

Chitwood, Jr., W. R., Spray, T. L. , Feins, R. H. , & Mack, M. J. (2008). 'Mission Critical: Thoracic Surgery Education Reform'. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 136 (4), 812-813.

Rodriguez, E., Chu, M., Narron, J., Gersch, K., Nifong, L. W. , & Chitwood Jr., W.R., (2008). Robotic Mitral Valve Repair Requiring Reoperations. Innovations, 3 (1), 12-15.

Chu, M., Gersch, K. A. , Rodriguez, E., Nifong, L. W. , & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2008). Robotic 'Haircut' Mitral Valve Repair: Posterior Leaflet-Plasty. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 84 (4), 1460-1462.

Rodriguez, E. & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2008). Key References: Minimally Invasive Robotic Cardiac Surgery. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 85 (1), 357-358.

Ishikawa, N., Sun, Y. S. , Nifong, L. W. , Oda, M., Ohta, Y., Watanabe, G. Chitwood, Jr., WR., (2007). A New Retractor System For Thoracoscopic Thymectomy Using the Anterior Chest Wall-Lifting Method. Surgical Endoscopy, 21 (1), 140-141.

Tyson, G. H., Rodriguez, E., Elci, O. C. , Koutlas, T. C. , Chitwood, W. R. , Ferguson, TB, Kypson, AP., (2007). Cardiac Procedures in Patients with a Body Mass Indes Exceeding 45: Outcomes and Long-term Results. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 84 (1), 3-9.

Chitwood, W. R. (2007). The Medical Internet: A Time For Solutions. International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery, 3 (4), 289-290.

Ishikawa, N., Sun, Y. S. , Nifong, L. W. , Watanabe, G., & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2007). Grasping Scissors For Minimally Invasive Surgery. Innovations, 2 (5), 259-260.

Kiser, A. C., Wimmer-Greinecker, ., & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2007). Totally Extracardiac Maze Procedure Performed on the Beating Heart. Annals of Thoracic Surgery (84), 1783-1785.

Rodriguez, E., Nifong, L. W. , & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2007). Entrenamiento En Tele-Cirugia Y Cirugia Robotica: Seis Anose De Experiencia. Archivos Espanoles Urologia, 60 (4), 363-369.

Moten, S. C., Rodriguez, E., Cook, R. C. , Nifong, L. W. , & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2007). New Ablation Techniques for Atrial Fibrillation and the Minimally Invasive Cryo-Maze Procedure In Patients with Lone Atrial Fibrillation. Heart Lung, S88-S93.

Ishikawa, N., Sun, Y. S. , Nifong, L. W. , Watanabe, G., & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2007). How I Do It: Self-Retaining Atrial Retractors for Robotic and Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery. Heart Surgery Forum, 10 (3), E217-E218.

Rodriguez, E., Nifong, L. W. , & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2007). Entrenamiento en Tele-Cirugia y Cirugia Robotica; Seis Anos de Experiencia en East Carolina Heart Institute. Archivos Espanoles Urologia, 60 (4), 363-369.

Cook, R. C., Nifong, L. W. , Jacob, E., Enterkin, B. S. , Charland, P. J. , Reade, CC. Kypson, AP. Masroor, S. Chitwood, Jr., WR., (2007). Significant Reduction In Annuloplasty Time With The Use of Nitinol Clips In Robotically-Assisted Mitral Valve Repair. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 133 (5), 1264-1267.

Anderson, C. A., Rodriguez, E., & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2007). Robotically Assisted Coronary Surgery: What Is The Future? Current Opinion in Cardiology, 22 (6), 541-544.

Ishikawa, N., Nifong, L. W. , Sun, Y. S. , & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2007). Mirror Glasses for Minimally Invasive Surgery. Surgical Endoscopy, 21 (7), 1233-1234.

Tyson, G. H., Rodriguez, E., Elci, O., Koutas, T. C. , & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2007). Cardiac Surgery in Patients With Body Mass Index > 45: Outcomes and Long-Term Results in the Super Obese. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 84 (1), 3-9.

Rodriguez, E. & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2007). Review of Surgical Outcomes. Journal of Robotic Surgery (1), 19-23.

Rodriguez, E., Nifong, L. W. , & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2007). Training In Tele-Surgery and Robotic Surgery: Six Years Experience. Archivos Espanoles Urologia, 60 (4), 363-369.

Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2007). The Medical Internet: A Time for Solutions. International Journal of Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery, 3 (4), 289-290.

Woo, Y. J., Rodriguez, E., Atluri, P., & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2006). Minimally Invasive, Robotic and Off-Pump Mitral Valve Surgery. Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 18 (2), 139-147.

Rodriguez, E. & Chitwood, Jr., W. R. (2006). Projecting Developments in Robotic Cardiac Surgery: The Next Five Years. American Heart Hospital Journal, 4 (3), 183-185.

Chitwood, W. (2001). Minimally Invasive Aortic Valve Surgery: What is port-access. American Heart Journal, 142, 391-2.

Chitwood, W. (2001). Invited Commentary of Byhahn, Mierdl, et al: Hemodynamics and gas exchange during carbon dioxide insufflation for totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 71, 1496-1501.

Chitwood, W. (2001). Invited Commentary of Thistlewaite, Auger, et al. Pulmonary endarterectomy combined with other cardiac operations: indications, surgical approach and outcome. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 72, 13-17.

Chitwood, W. (2001). Invited Commentary of Damiano, Tabaie, et al. Initial prospective multicenter clinical trial of robotically assisted coronary artery bypass grafting. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 72, 1263-68.

Chitwood, W. (2001). American College of Cardiology key data elements and definitions for measuring clinical management and outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndromes. Journal of American College of Cardiology, 38, 2114-30.

Chitwood, W. (2001). Robotic Surgical Training in an Academic Institution. Annals of Surgery, 234 (4), 475-86.

Chitwood, W. (2000). Minimally invasive or conventional valve surgery: operations prevaling in 2020 - the middle ground. Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 15, 1-2.

Chitwood, W. (2000). Invited commentary of Falk, Robotic Surgery. Minimal Access Cardiothoracic Surgery, 629.

Chitwood, W. (2000). Robotic mitral valve repair: trapezoidal resection and prosthetic annuloplasty with the DaVince surgical system. Journal of Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery, 120, 1171-72.

Chitwood, W. (2000). Discussion of Fasol Lakew, et al. Papillary muscle repair surgery in ischemic mitral valve patients. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 70, 776-77.

Chitwood, W. (2000). Invited Commentary of Reichenspurner , Boehm, et al. Three-dimensional video and robot-assisted port-access mitral valve operation. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 69, 1181-82.

Chitwood, W. (2000). Minimally invasive or conventional valve surgery: operations prevailing in 2020 - the middle ground. Journal of Cardiac Surgery, 15, 1-2.

Chitwood Jr., W. R., McCotter, ., Sun, Y. S. , & Philpott, J. M. (2000). Benefits of cardiopulmonary bypass on cerebral perfusion. ASAIO Journal, 46, 2.

Chitwood, W. (1999). Computer-enhanced mitral valve surgery: toward a total endoscopic procedure. Seminar in Thoracic Seminar in Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery, 11, 244-49.

Chitwood, W. (1999). Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery: introduction. Seminar in Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery, 11, 192-93.

Chitwood, W. (1999). Histologic changes in three explanted native cardiac valves following use of fenfluramines. Journal of Cardiovascular Pathology, 8, 245-53.

Chitwood, W. (1999). Myocardial revascularization in the elderly using beating heart coronary artery bypass surgery. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 69, 1042-47.

Chitwood, W. (1999). Video-assisted and robotic mitral valve surgery: toward an endoscopic surgery. Seminar in Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery, 11, 194-205.

Chitwood, W. (1999). Therapeutic angiogenesis: appropriate for clinical use? Current Surgery, 56, 255-58.

Chitwood, W. (1999). Endoscopic robotic coronary surgery is this reality or fantasy? Journal of Thoracic Cardiovascular Surgery, 118, 1-3.

Chitwood, W. (1999). Regional Left Ventricular Systolic Function in Humans During Off-Pump Coronary Bypass Surgery. Current Surgery, 125-27.

Chitwood, W. (1999). Minimally Invasive Cardiac Operation: Adapting Cardioprotective Strategies. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 68, 1974-77.

Chitwood, W. (1999). From MIDCAB to OPCAB and Beyond: a Race Back to the Future. Surgical Technology International VIII, 188-92.

Chitwood, W. (1999). Minimally invasive valve surgery: trends for the future. European Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 16 (1), S64-65.

Chitwood, W. (1998). Course Guidelines for Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 116 (5), 889-90.

Chitwood, W. (1998). Intraoperative MIDCABG Arteriography via the Left Radical Artery: A Comparison With Doppler Ultrasound for Assessment of Graft Patency. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 66, 51-55.

Chitwood, W. (1998). State of the Art Review: Video-scopic Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery. The Heart Surgery Forum, 1, 13-16.

Chitwood, W. (1998). A Paradox of Cerebral Hyperperfusion in the Face of Cerebral Hypotension. Journal of Surgical Research, 77, 141-149.

Chitwood, W. (1998). Mitral Valve Repair: An Odyssey to Save the Valves! Journal of Heart Valve Disease, 7, 255-61.

Chitwood, W. (1998). Policy Statement: Minimally Invasive Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 116 (5), 887-8.

Chitwood, W. (1997). Video-Assisted Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 114 (5), 773-82.

Chitwood, W. (1997). Intraoperative Catheterization of the Left Internal Mammary Artery via the Left Radial Artery. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 64, 1840-2.

Chitwood, W. (1997). Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Repair Using Transthoracic Aortic Occlusion. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 63, 1477-9.

Chitwood, W. (1996). Time Course of Macro- and Microvascular Adjustments in Abdominal Wall and Recipient Bed Perfusion Patterns After Vascular Delay. Surgical Forum, XLVII, 741-3.

Chitwood, W. (1996). Introducing East Carolina University and its Surgical Residency. Current Surgery, 54 (3), 127-8.

Chitwood, W. (1996). Video-Assisted Minimally Invasive Mitral Valve Surgery: The Micro-Mitral Operation. Journal of Thoracic Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 113 (2), 413-4.

Chitwood, W. (1996). Impaired Glucose Clearance/Insulin Resistance Induced by Cardiopulmonary Bypass May Be Caused By Glucose Transport Protein (GLUT-4) Loss. Surgical Forum, XLVII, 256-8.

Chitwood, W. (1996). Invited Commentary. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 63, 697-700.

Chitwood, W. (1996). Carnitine-Supplemented Hypothermic Cardioplegia Enhances Recovery of Excitation-Contraction Coupling Following Global Ischemia/Reperfusion. Surgical Forum, XLVII, 211-4.

Chitwood, W. (1996). The Internet and the Thoracic Surgeon: A Virtual Future. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 61, 1603-6.

Chitwood, W. (1996). Extracardiac Adjustment of Mitral Chordae Replacement. Journal of Surgical Research, 64, 102-6.

Chitwood, W. (1995). Complex Valve Operations: Antegrade Versus Retrograde Cardioplegia? Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 60, 815-18.

Chitwood, W. (1995). Allopurinol Improves Myocardial Reperfusion Injury in a Xanthine Oxidase-Free Model. Journal of the National Medical Association, 87 (7), 480-84.

Chitwood, W. (1995). Experimental Supplemental Vein Grafting and Hypoperfusion Syndrome. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 59 (6), 1423-28.

Chitwood, W. (1994). Will C. Sealy, M.D.: The Father of Arrhythmia Surgery - The Story of the Fisherman With a Fast Pulse. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 58, 1228-39.

Chitwood, W. (1994). Update in Myocardial Protection. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 59, 253-54.

Chitwood, W. (1994). Embolectomy of a Bird's Nest Vena Caval Filter. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 58, 1766-68.

Chitwood, W. (1994). National Surveys: Are They Helpful? Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 59 (2), 275-76.

Chitwood, W. (1994). Distal Flow Determinants in Canine Myocardium Perfused Through Internal Thoracic Artery Bypass Grafts. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 59 (4), 829-34.

Chitwood, W. (1994). Clinical Experience With the Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 58, 1297-303.

Otaki, M., Lust, R. M. , Sun, Y. S. , Norton, T. O. , Spence, P. A. , & Chitwood Jr., W.R., (1993). Bilateral vs. single internal mammary artery (IMA) grafting for left main coronary artery occlusion. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 21, 343A.

Chitwood, W. (1989). Prevention of Reflex-Mediated Increases in Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure During Aortic Surgery. Surgical Forum, LXI, 297-99.

Chitwood, W. (1989). Utility of Precordial, Epicardial, and Transesophageal Two-Dimensional Echocardiography in the Detection of Intra-Cardiac Foreign Bodies. The American Journal of Cardiology, 64, 406-9.

Chitwood, W. (1989). Improved Preservation of Early Perfusion Patterns in Severe Left Ventricular Hypertrophy Using Retrograde Coronary Sinus Cardioplegia. Current Surgery, 46 (6), 461-63.

Chitwood, W. (1989). Transesophageal Two-Dimensional Echocardiography and Color Flow Doppler Assessment of a Left Atrial Myxoma. Journal of Echocardiography: A Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound and ...., 6 (6), 547-49.

Chitwood, W. (1989). Eighteen to Thirty-seven Hours Preservation of Major Organs Using a New Autoperfusion Multiorgan. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 47, 860-67.

Chitwood, W. (1989). A Reappraisal of the Mechanism for CSF Hypertension During Aortic Surgery. Cardiac Surgery Supplement, IV, 82-84.

Chitwood, W. (1989). Prolonged Lateralized Devascularization with Internal Mammary Artery Mobilization and Increased Experimental Infection Rate Following Bilateral .. Surgical Forum, XLI, 313-15.

Chitwood, W. (1988). Improved Protection of Chronically Inflow-Limited Myocardium Using Retrograde Coronary Sinus Cardioplegia. Circulation, 78 (III), 217-23.

Chitwood, W. (1988). Surgical Treatment of Cardiac Tumors: A Review. Journal of Cardiac Surgery, 3, 199-54.

Chitwood, W. (1988). Evidence for an Adenosine Receptor in Human Coronary Arteries. Journal European Journal of Pharmacology, 483-86.

Beggerly, C. E., Austin, E. H. , & Chitwood Jr., W. R. (1987). Current coronary artery surgery practices: a national survey. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 9, 123A.

East Carolina Heart Institute

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