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The Brody School of Medicine
Department of Bioethics & Interdisciplinary Studies




 


BIOETHICS JOURNAL CLUB

 
Bioethics Journal Club meetings have been suspended for the current academic year.  Please check back with us again.


                                                       2011 MEETINGS

May 31, 2011
Annette Greer, PhD, MSN, RN
"Ethics of Overpopulation and Biogeropolitics"
Background readings:
1)  Callahan, D. (2009). Ethics and Population.  Hastings Center Report, 30 (3), 11-13.
2)  Cassils, J. (2004). Overpopulations, Sustainable Development, and Security.  Population and Environment, 25 (3), 117-194.
3)  Engelman, M., & Johnson, S. (2007). Population Aging and International Development, Developing World Bioethics, 7 (1), 8-18.
Discussion points:
    
>  What ethical implications does gerontological population growth have relative to overpopulation? 
    >  What proactive policies can be ethically enacted that assist in the disbtributive justice of current and future global populations relative to geriatric sub-populations?
    >  Are research and medical procedures that further extend the percent of geriatric populations ethical?


April 26, 2011
Gregory L. Hassler, JD, PhD
"Reconsidering the 'Three R's' of Animal Experimentation"
Background readings:
1)  D. DeGrazia, "On the Ethics of Animal Research," from R.E. Ashcroft, et al. (eds), Principles of Health Care Ethics (2d ed) (2007), 689-695.
2)  J.Botting & A. Morrison, "Animal Research is Vital to Medicine," from 276 Scientifi America 2 at 83 (1997).
3)  L. Hansen, "Animal Research: Groupthink in Both Camps," from  The Chronicle of Higher Education (7 November 2010).
3)  U.S. Animal Enterprise Terrorism Acti (18 USC 43) (2006).
Discussion
 points:
    
>  Are Replacement, Reduction & Refinement morally adequate policies? 
    >  What - if any - new policies should replace or be added to the "Three R's?"

March 29, 2011
Todd Savitt, PhD
"The Human Side of Medicine: Two Stories and an Essay about Doctors and Patients"
Background readings:
1) Anatole Broyard, “Doctor, Talk to Me” (1990), reprinted from The New York Times Magazine in Richard Reynolds and John Stone, eds., On Doctoring: Stories, Poems, Essays, new revised and expanded third edition (New York, Simon & Schuster:1991, 1993, 2001), 166-172.
2) Danielle Ofri, “Intensive Care,”in Ofri, Singular Intimacies: Becoming a Doctor at Bellevue (Boston: Beacon Press, 2003), 208 – 221.
3) Arthur Kleinman, “Winthrop Cohen,” from Kleinman, What Really Matters: Living a Moral Life Amidst Uncertainty and Danger (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006), reprinted in Suzanne Hunter Brown, Echoes of War ([Portland]: Maine Humanities Council, 2009), 111-117.
Discussion points:
    
>  Are patients expecting too much from their physicians? 
   >  Are physicians expecting too much of themselves?


February 22, 2011
Jan VanRiper, JD, PhD
"Health Care Reform: Thinking About Implications for Physician Ethics and Professionalism"
Background readings:
1]
Committee Opinion No. 456 ACOG: Forming a just health care system. Obstet Gynecol 2010 Mar; 115(3):672-7.  
2]
 Day L, Health care reform, health and social justice.  AM J Crit Care 2010 Sept; 19(5):459-61.
3] Wolf S, Health care reform and the future of physician ethics. Hastings Center Report 1994 Mar-Apr; 24(2):28-41.
Discussion points:
    
>  Do physicians have ethical and/or profesional responsibilities for health/health care system reform? 
    >  Should the principles of medical ethics guiding the physician/patient relationship 
        change, expand or be supplemented to included relationship with community 
        and/or other groups?
    >  What, if any, are the ethical/professional iimplications of ACOs, patient-centered 
        care, interdisciplinary teams, and other features of PPACA ("healthcare reform 
        bill")?


January 25, 2011
Mary Ellen Wojtasewicz, RN, PhD
"Management of Chronic Non-Cancerous Pain - Two Perspectives"
Background readings:
1]
Matthias, M. S., Parpart, A. L., Nyland, K. A., Huffman, M. A., Stubbs, D. L., Sargent, C. and Bair, M. J. (2010), The Patient–Provider Relationship in Chronic Pain Care: Providers' Perspectives. Pain Medicine, 11: 1688–1697. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4637.2010.00980.x
        
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21044259     
2]
 Upshur, C. C., Bacigalupe, G. and Luckmann, R. (2010), “They Don't Want Anything to Do with You”: Patient Views of Primary Care Management of Chronic Pain. Pain Medicine, 11: 1791–1798. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4637.2010.00960.x
        
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21029353
Discussion points:
     >  What makes management of chronic non-
         cancerous pain so challenging? 
     >  What psychosocial obstacles need to be addressed?
     >  Can both patient and provider benefit from a patient-centered 
         model of care?





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For more information please contact
the Department of Bioethics & Interdisciplinary Studies at 744-2797.