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Research & Publications

A partial list of recent research and publications

  1. Carroll, RG. The 2014 Claude Bernard Distinguished Lecture: The Social Contract of Learning.  Adv Physiol Educ 39: 1-4, 2015.
  2. Siddiqui, A, Carroll RG and Gunatilake M. Workshop report on "Linking Teaching and Learning Physiology in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Adv.Physiol Educ 38:191-194, 2014.
  3. Carroll, RG,  M Frank, A Ra&#';anan. Matyas: 125 Years of Progress of Physiology as a Scientific Discipline and a Profession.  Adv in APS Physiol 37:1-9, 2013.

The Role of the Teacher in Education. Plenary, 27th Congress of the Physiological Society of India, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India, December 2015.

Building the "Best" Curriculum for a Community-Based Medical School. BLDE University, Bijapur, India, December 2015.

Student perception of the use of electronic interactive systems in lecture. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, September 2015.

First Steps - Submitting Educational Materials to the "Life Science Teaching Resource Community".  50th Congress of the Brazilian Physiological Society, Aguas de Lindoia, SP, Brazil, September 2015.

Design and Evaluation of Multiple Choice Questions.  50th Congress of the Brazilian Physiological Society, Aguas de Lindoia, SP, Brazil, September 2015.

How to Lead Case-Based Discussions. Third Conference on Active Teaching-Learning Methods, Piracicaba, Brazil, August 2015.

Curriculum Design and Student Assessment.  International Convention on Challenges in Medical Education, Aurangabad, India January 2015.

Conducting and Publishing Educational Research.  International Convention on Challenges in Medical Education, Aurangabad, India January 2015.

Scanning the Medical Education Horizon. Grand Rounds, Department of Pathology, Brody School of Medicine, Greenville NC December 2014.

Assessment Tools for Neuroscience. 4th Biennial Conference of South Asian Association of Physiologists, Dhaka, Bangladesh, December 2014.

Developing Curricular Models for Africa. IUPS Regional Workshop Programme, Lagos, Nigeria, October 2014.

Objectives - How to Write Them and Make Them Useful to Students. Grand Rounds, Department of Pathology, Brody School of Medicine, Greenville NC September 2014.

The Social Contract of Learning. Claude Bernard Distinguished Lecture of the Teaching Section of the American Physiological Society, San Diego, CA April 2014.

Developing an Effective Lecture Series. Brody School of Medicine Faculty Development Office, Greenville NC February, 2014.

Writing and Reviewing for Scientific Journals. Department of Family Medicine, Brody School of Medicine, Greenville NC December 2013.

Program Planning and Evaluation. 2013 International Conference on Medical Education, Mauritius, October, 2013.

Curriculum Evolution: Reducing Curriculum Density at Brody School of Medicine. 2013 International Conference on Medical Education, Mauritius, October, 2013.

Writing for Scientific Journals. Indonesian Physiological Society, Jakarta, Indonesia, September 2013.

Body Fluid Balance. Studium Generale for 3rd Year Students, University of Muhammadiyah Jakarta, Indonesia, September 2013.

"Coaching" the way to success on the USMLE Step I examination at Brody School of Medicine. Poster, International Association of Medical Science Educators, St Andrews, Scotland, UK July 2013.

Test Blueprinting and Multiple Choice Question Design. Workshop Co-presenter. Teaching Workshop of the IUPS, Bristol, England, UK July 2013.

More than Semantics: Moving Physiology Instruction to Learner Competencies from Learner Objectives. Poster.  International Union of Physiological Sciences Congress, Birmingham England, UK July 2013.

Cao K, Lawson L, Brewer K. TeamSTEPPS in Clinical Simulation Cases. Poster presented at Council of Residency Directors in Emergency Medicine Academic Assembly 2016, Nashville, Tennessee, March 6-9, 2016.

Woody  G, Sigmon L, Lake D, Lawson L. Advancing Quality Improvement and Teamwork Skills  in Health Professions Students through Collaborative Interprofessional Education (IPE). Poster presentation at the 2nd Annual REACH Quality Improvement Symposium, East Carolina University, Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, NC, March 2, 2016.

Lawson L. Preparing  Faculty for Health System Curriculum Design: The Teachers of Quality  Academy.  Oral Presentation at the 2015 AAMC Medical  Education Meeting, Baltimore, MD, November, 10-12, 2015.

Lawson L. Preparing  Medical and Nursing Graduates to Transition to Practice: Interprofessional  Collaboration in Teaching Teamwork Competencies. 2015 AAMC Medical  Education Meeting Facilitated Poster Rounds, Baltimore, MD, November 10-12, 2015.

Reeder T, Lake D, Garris J, Lawson L, Baxley E, Lazorick S, Walsh D, Higginson J,  Garrison  H. Redesigning Education to Accelerate  Change in Healthcare (REACH). AMA  Spring Consortium Meeting, Hershey, PA. March 6-8, 2016.

Lawson L, Crawford Y, Peery A, Gantt L, Woody  G, Robey W.  Preparing Medical and Nursing Graduates to Transition to Practice:  Interprofessional Collaboration in Teaching Teamwork Competencies. Poster. Presented at Society of Academic Emergency Medicine. San Diego, CA, May 12-15, 2015.

Lawson L, Franzen D, Hiller K,  Jung J. Utilization of Clinical Evaluation Tools in Emergency Medicine Clerkships.  Presented at Society of Academic Emergency Medicine.  San Diego, CA, May 12-15, 2015.

Hiller K, Lawson L, Franzen D, Jung J. End-of-shift Emergency Medicine Medical Student Evaluation Forms: A Taxonomy. Presented at Society of Academic Emergency Medicine. San Diego, CA, May 12-15, 2015.

Miller E, Wald D, Hiller K, Askew K, Fisher J,  Franzen D, Heitz C, Lawson L, Lotfipour S, McEwen J, Morales A,  Ross L, Baker G, Butler A. National Board  of Medical Examiners Advanced Clinical Examination in Emergency  Medicine Post Examination  Survey Results. Presented at Society of Academic Emergency  Medicine. San Diego, CA, May 12-15, 2015.

Miller E, Wald D, Hiller K, Askew K, Fisher J, Franzen D, Heitz C, Lawson L, Lotfipour S, McEwen  J, Ross L, Baker G, Butler A.  Initial Usage of the National Board of Medical  Examiners Advanced Clinical Examination in Emergency Medicine. Presented at Society of Academic Emergency  Medicine.  San Diego, CA, May 12-15, 2015.

Lawson L, Crawford Y, Peery A, Gantt L, Woody  G, Robey W. Preparing Medical and Nursing Graduates to Transition to Practice:  Interprofessional Collaboration in Teaching  Teamwork Competencies. Oral Presentation at the AAMC Southern  Group on Educational Affairs Annual Meeting. Charlotte, NC, April 24-April 26, 2015.

Lawson L, Patterson L, Schmidt S, Crawford Y,  Baxley E .  Credentialing Faculty as Educators: Partnership  Between a School of Medicine and College of Education. Poster  presentation at the AAMC Southern Group on Educational Affairs Annual Meeting.  Charlotte, NC, April 24-April 26, 2015.

Baxley, B, Lawson, L, Garrison, H, Higginson,  J, Lake, D, Lazorick, S, Walsh, D.  The Redesigning Education to Accelerate Change in Healthcare  (REACH) Initiative's Teachers of Quality Academy:  The Foundation for Curricular Change in Medical/Health Profession Education. Harvard Macy  Institute 20th Anniversary Symposium.  Boston, MA, June 21, 2014.

Lawson, L, Jules, J, Franzen, D., Hiller, K .  Characterization  of Utilization of Clinical Assessment Tools in Emergency Medicine Student Education.  Research abstract and  poster, Society of Academic Emergency Medicine. Dallas, TX. May 15, 2014.

Baxley E, Lawson L, Garrison H, Higginson J,  Lake D, Lazorick S, Walsh D, Crawford Y. Redesigning Education to Accelerate  Change in Healthcare (REACH) Initiative's  Teachers of Quality Academy: The Foundation for Curricular Change in Medical/Health  Profession Education.  Poster presentation at the American Medical Association  Accelerating Change in Education Spring Consortium Meeting, Ann Arbor, MI, April 6-8,  2014.

Lawson L, Peery A, Crawford Y, Lake D, Gantt L. Preparing Medical and  Nursing Graduates to Transition to Practice: Interprofessional Collaboration in Teaching Teamwork Competencies. Poster presentation  at the American Medical Association Accelerating Change in Education Fall  Consortium Meeting, Nashville, TN, September 21-23, 2014.

Lawson  L, Patterson L, Schmidt S, Crawford Y, Baxley E, Garrison H, Higginson J, Lake D, Lazorick S, Walsh D .  Credentialing Faculty as Educators: Partnership Between a School of Medicine and College of  Education. Poster  presentation at the American Medical Association Accelerating Change  in Education Fall Consortium Meeting, Nashville, TN, September 21-23,  2014.

Walsh D, Baxley E, Lawson L, Garrison H,  Higginson J, Lake D, Lazorick S, Crawford Y. Arrested Development: Assessment of Attrition from a Faculty Development Program. Poster presentation at the American Medical Association Accelerating Change  in Education Fall Consortium Meeting, Nashville, TN, September 21-23, 2014.

Lawson L, Heitz, C., Beeson, M., Miller, E. Utilization of the National EM Medical Student Exam in EM Clerkships. Research abstract and poster, Emergency Medicine Council of Residency Directors. New Orleans, LA.  March 31, 2014.

Lawson L, Hiller, K, Franzen, D., Jung, J. Medical Student Clinical Evaluation Tools in Emergency Medicine- A Pilot Analysis. Research abstract and poster, Emergency Medicine Council of Residency Directors. New Orleans, LA.  March 31, 2014.

Hiller, K, Lawson L, Wald, D., Beeson, Ml, Heitz, C., Morrissey, T., House, J., Miller, E. Correlation of the NBME ACE in EM and the SAEM EM M4 Exams. Research abstract  and poster, Emergency Medicine Council of Residency Directors. New Orleans, LA. March 31, 2014.

Gordon, MD, Kaplan, B., Sara Krzyzaniak, S., Lawson L, Murano, T., Smith, J., Weizberg, M., CORD Remediation Task Force-  Milestone-Based Remediation Toolbox. Research abstract and poster, Emergency Medicine Council of  Residency Directors. New  Orleans, LA.  March 31, 2014.

Lawson L, Musick D. Correlation of a National Emergency Medicine Clerkship Exam  with USMLE Examination Performance. Research abstract and oral presentation. Society  of Academic Emergency Medicine. Atlanta, GA. May 17, 2013

Lawson L, Musick D. Carroll  R.  A  Required Fourth Year Emergency Medicine Clerkship Improves Medical Students  Self-Assessment of Procedural Experiences.  Research abstract and poster  presentation.  Society of Academic Emergency Medicine. Atlanta, GA. May 15, 2013.

Lawson L, Musick D.  Correlation of a National Emergency Medicine Clerkship Exam  with USMLE Examination Performance. Research abstract and poster, Emergency Medicine  Council of Residency Directors.  Denver, CO. March 7, 2013.

Lawson L, Patterson L, Corbin V. Parental  Knowledge and Emergency Department Staff Instruction Involving Child Safety Seat Use  After Involvement in Motor Vehicle Collisions. Research abstract and poster. American College of Emergency Physicians. San Francisco, CA. October 16, 2011.

Lawson L, Patterson L, Britt A. Child  Safety Seat Counseling-  Why Don't We Do  It? Research abstract and  poster.  Mediterranean Emergency Medicine Congress, Kos, Greece. September 10-14, 2011

Lawson L, Patterson L, Corbin  V. Parental Knowledge and Emergency Department Staff Instruction Involving Child Safety Seat Use  After Involvement in Motor Vehicle Collisions. Research abstract and poster. Mediterranean Emergency Medicine Congress, Kos, Greece. September 10-14, 2011.

Baxley  E, Lawson L, Garrison HG, Walsh D,  Lazorick S, Lake D, Higginson J, Crawford Y.  The Teachers of Quality Academy:  A Novel Approach for Preparing Faculty to Teach Health System Science. Accepted for publication, Academic Medicine.

Gonzalo  J, Baxley E, Borkan J, Dekhtyar M, Hawkins R, Lawson L,  Starr SR,  Skochelak S. Priorities and Strategies  for Successful Integration and Sustainment of Health Systems Science in  Undergraduate Medical Education. Accepted  for publication, Academic Medicine.

Gonzalo  J, Dekhtyar M, Starr SR, Borkan J, Brunett P, Fancher T, Green J, Grethlein SJ,  Lai C, Lawson L, Monrad S,  O'Sullivan P, Schwartz M, Skochelak, S.  Healthcare  Delivery Science Curriculum in Undergraduate Medical Education:  The Coming of Age for the Third Science.  Accepted for publication, Academic  Medicine.

Lawson, L., Musick, D., & Brewer, K. (2015). Correlation of the National Emergency  Medicine M4 Clerkship Examination with USMLE Examination Performance. Western  Journal of Emergency Medicine WestJEM, 16(7), 1159-1165.

Hiller, K., House, J., Lawson, L., Poznanski, S., & Morrissey, T. (2015). Medical  Student Performance on the National Board of Medical Examiners Emergency  Medicine Advanced Clinical Examination and the National Emergency Medicine M4  Exams. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine WestJEM, 16(6),  919-922.

Heitz, C. R., Lawson, L., Beeson, M., & Miller, E. S. (2016). The National  Emergency Medicine Fourth-year Student (M4) Examinations: Updates and  Performance. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 50(1), 128-134.

Hiller, K., Miller, E., Lawson, L., Wald, D., Beeson, M., Heitz, C., . . . Poznanski, S.  (2015). This article corrects: "Correlation of the NBME Advanced Clinical  Examination in EM and the National EM M4 exams". Western Journal of  Emergency Medicine WestJEM, 16(2), 362-363.

Hiller, K., Miller, E., Lawson, L., Wald, D., Beeson, M., Heitz, C., . . . Poznanski, S.  (2015). Correlation of the NBME Advanced Clinical Examination in EM and the  National EM M4 exams. Western Journal of Emergency Medicine WestJEM, 16(1),  138-142.

Lawson, L, Stair R. (2015)  Mysterious cyanosis:  A PBL case on Methemoglobinemia.  MedEdPORTAL  Publications MEP.  Available from: https://www.mededportal.org/ publication/  10042 http://dx.doi.org/ 10.15766/ mep_2374-8265.10042

Stair R, Lawson L. (2014).  Methemoglobinemia. MedEdPORTAL Publications MEP.  Available from: https://www.mededportal.org/publication/9973 http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.9973

Lawson L, Patterson L. (2013)  Skating on Thin Ice: Hypothermia and Near  Drowning Simulation. MedEdPORTAL  Publications MEP Available from: www.mededportal.org/publication/9467.

Lawson,  L., Patterson, L., & Carter, K. (2011). Transvaginal evisceration progressing  to peritonitis in the emergency department: A case report. Int J Emerg Med International  Journal of Emergency Medicine, 4(1), 66.

Lawson L. Patterson L. Near-drowning and hypothermia. CORD Oral Board/ Simulation Case Collaboration Teaching Case. http://www.cordem.org/i4a/pages/index.cfm?pageid=3445. Last accessed March 6, 2012.

Lawson, L. Heat-Related Illness. Clerkship Directors of Emergency Medicine Self-Study Emergency Medicine M4 Curriculum Modules. http://www.cdemcurriculum.org/index.php/ssm/show_ssm/enviro/heat.php

Lawson L, Patterson L, Corbin V. "Parental Knowledge and Emergency Department Staff Instruction Involving Child Safety Seat Use After Involvement in Motor Vehicle Collisions." Annals of Emergency Medicine. October 2011. Vol 58, No 4, Supplement.

Reeder T, Lawson L, Patterson L. "Simulating a Root Cause Analysis to Teach Human System Errors, a Systems-based Practice Core  Competency."  Acad Emerg Med. May 2011, Vol 18, No 5, Suppl. 1.

  • Current Issues in Clinical Assessment: EPAs in the Clerkships. Council of Residency Directors in Emergency Medicine Academic Assembly 2016, Nashville, Tennessee, March 7, 2016.
  • End of Shift Assessment Consensus Conference. Served as planner, developer, and presenter (Leadership Executive  Committee). Council of Residency Directors in Emergency Medicine Academic Assembly 2016, Nashville, Tennessee, March 7-8, 2016.
  • When Faith Meets Medicine. 6th Annual Community Faith Leaders' Seminar. Vidant Medical Center, Greenville, NC, October 28, 2015.
  • How to Write Effective Multiple Choice Questions Using Clinical Vignettes. Office of Faculty Development. Brody School of Medicine at ECU, October 20, 2015.
  • The Teachers of Quality Academy: Providing faculty training in health system competencies and principles of medical  education presented at the AMA Change MedEd 2015 Conference, Chicago, Illinois, October 1, 2015.
  • Writing Effective Multiple Choice Questions. Pathology Grand Rounds. December 15, 2014.
  • REACHing through Faculty Engagement: The Teachers of Quality Academy. AAMC Integrating Quality Meeting. Chicago, Illinois. June 13, 2014.
  • The LCME is Coming! Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors Academic Assembly, New Orleans, Louisiana, April 1, 2014.
  • REACH Measuring Quality in Medical/Health Professions Education Panel for Teachers of Quality Academy Learning Session, Greenville, NC, March 25, 2014.
  • Feedback and Evaluation. Office of Faculty Development, INSPRE Program. Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, March 11, 2014.
  • Reducing Healthcare Disparities through Education, American Medical Association Accelerating Change in Medical Education Conference, Chicago, Illinois, October 5, 2013.
  • Curriculum Integration of PIRATE MD: Success and Challenges. AAMC Careers in Medicine Professional Development Conference. San Diego, California, June 10, 2013.
  • Remediating Students: Within the Clerkship and Beyond the Clerkship. Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors Academic Assembly, Denver, Colorado, March 9, 2013
  • Dealing with Difficult Learners. Office of Faculty Development. Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, January 24, 2012
  • Teaching Teams for the 21st Century presented at the Mediterranean Emergency Medicine Congress, Kos, Greece, September 13, 2011
  • Clinical Correlations in Biochemistry- Cardiac Markers, presented to M1 students, 2010-2015
  • Medical Education at Brody School of Medicine presented for M1 orientation, August 16, 2013.
  • Panel Discussion of Student Support Services at  Brody School of Medicine presented for M1 orientation, August 16, 2013.
  • Survival Tips from Faculty-  Invited to participate in panel discussion for M4 Transition to Residency capstone course, March 5, 2012.

Charles, S. & Koehn, M. (2016, June). Using peer study to prepare for Certified Healthcare Simulation Educator Certification. Clinical Simulation in Nursing, 12(6), 202-208.

Koehn, M. Charles, S., Shepherd, M. and Uhlig, P. “Let it go: When the learners become the teachers.”  3 Hour Preconference. Virginia State Simulation Alliance (VASSA). Virginia Beach, VA. August 2015.

Charles, S. CHSE Test Prep Workshop. International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare (IMSH). Preconference. 8 Hour Workshop. January 2016.

Charles, S. “Best Practices of Standardized Patients.” 1 Hour Workshop. Wichita State University, College of Health Professions, School of Nursing. April 2016.

Charles, S. and Fulmer, V. “Ask the Expert.” Association of Standardized Patient Educators (ASPE) SP Day. June 2016.

Charles, S. “Debriefing Sessions with the Entire Simulation Team.” 1.5 Hour Workshop. Repeated Twice. July 2016.

Charles, S. and Shocken, D. “The Keys to Inter-rater Reliability.” Webinar. Association of Standardized Patient Educators (ASPE). January 2014.

Shocken, D. and Charles, S. “Using Standardized Patients to Enhance Early Clinical Interprofessional Education.” Webinar. Association of Standardized Patient Education (ASPE). October 2014.

Zuadke, J., Shrader, S., Mack, J., Charles, S., & Stimpert, D. “An Interprofessional Objective Structured Teaching Experience (iOSTE) for Faculty Development.” Webinar. Association of Standardized Patient Educators (ASPE). July 2015.

Charles, S., Kiluk, V., Shocken, D. “IPE Sessions are enhanced with the incorporation of SPs.” 1.5 Hour Workshop. Association of Standardized Patient Educators (ASPE). June 2016.

Charles, S., Oxendine, M., Schocken, D. Tierno, B., and Williams, T. “Does an SP Certificate Program Make a Difference in Your SP Training.” Association of Standardized Patient Educators (ASPE). June 2016.

Charles, S., Schocken, D., and Smith, S. “Academic Roadmap to Build Competencies: Future Healthcare Development for First Generation Students.”  90 minute Workshop. GSA-CiM-OSR Professional Development Conference. June 2016.

Schocken, D. and Charles, S. “Integrating Standardized Patients into the Interprofessional Education Experience. 90 minute Workshop. Ottawa Conference. Perth, Western Australia, Australia. March 2016.

Charles, S., Koehn, M., Shepherd, M., Uhlig, P. “Learner Designed High Fidelity Simulations on the Fly.” International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare (IMSH). Preconference. 4 Hour Workshop. San Diego, California.  January 2016.

Bodily, D., German, K., Connor, K., Swoboda, S., Wenzel, J., Anderson, P., and Charles, S. “Allied Health, IPE, and Providers: Culture, Commitment, and Curriculum.” Expert Panel. International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare (IMSH). San Diego, California. January 2016.

Elliot, A., Tolle, G., Shepherd, M., Charles, S., and Koehn, M. Using Simulation for End of Life Care. 75-minute Workshop. 2015 Kansas State Nurses Association Membership Assembly. Wichita, KS. Marriott Hotel. October 2015.

Koehn, M., Elliot, A., Shepherd, M., Charles, S., Tolle, G., and Shepherd, M. Emergency in the Office.  2 Hour Workshop repeated twice. 2nd Annual Advanced Practice Registered Nurses Conference.  Double Tree Hotel. Wichita, KS. October 2015.

Rudolph, J., Diederich, E., and 30 facilitators (Charles, S.). “Improving Performance through Simulation + Debriefing.” 2 Hour Workshop. Johnson County Simulation Conference. Johnson County Community College. September 2015.

Charles, S., Kluzak, T., Moser, S., Azzam, A., and Valenzeno, D. “A Lecture Free Curriculum: Is it Possible?” 2 Hour Workshop. International Association of Medical Science Educators (IAMSE). San Diego, California. June 2015.

Schocken, D. and Charles, S. “Integrating SPs into your IPE Curriculum.” 1.5 Hour Workshop. Association of Standardized Patient Educators (ASPE). Denver, Colorado. June 2015.

Schocken, D. and Charles, S. “Preparing for the CHSE Exam.” 4 Hour Preconference Workshop. Association of Standardized Patient Educators (ASPE). Denver, Colorado. June 2015.

Charles, S. & Valenzeno, D. “Capitalizing on Teaching to Develop and Publish Educational Research” 23rd Annual Research Forum. University of Kansas School of Medicine - Wichita. Wichita, KS. 1 Hour Workshop. April 2015.

Uhlig, P., Koehn, M., Shepherd, M., Tolle, G., Brumfield, E., Chapman, S., and Charles, S. “Interprofessional Education and Clinical Simulation.” 38th Annual Education Seminar. The Kansas Respiratory Care Society. Marriott Hotel. Wichita, KS. Oral Presentation. April 2015.

Wilson, L., Charles, S., and Pohlman, K. “Are you ready for the CHSOS? CHSOS Certification Preparation Course.” 4 Hour Workshop. International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare (IMSH). Denver, Colorado. January 2015.

Koehn, M. Charles, S., Shepherd, M. and Uhlig, P. “Let it go: When the Learners Become the Teachers.” 2 Hour Workshop. International Meeting on Simulation in Healthcare (IMSH). Denver, Colorado. January 2015.