Ari Mwachofi, PhD

Ari Mwachofi

Associate Professor

office: ECHI 2225
phone: 252-744-5073

Dr. Ari Mwachofi is a health economist with training and experience in Agricultural and Applied Economics and Curriculum Planning and Development. She is interested in economic efficiency in healthcare. She is also interested in health inequities such as those based on gender, geographic location, disability status and race/ethnicity.


  • Post-Doctoral Research Fellow - Institute for Health Services Research and Policy Studies, Northwestern University (Evanston, IL)
  • PhD, (Applied Economics) Virginia Tech (Blacksburg, VA)
  • MA, (Economics) Ohio University (Athens, OH)
  • MA, (International Affairs) Ohio University (Athens, OH)
  • BEd, First Class Honors - Summa Cum Laude - Curriculum Development and Instruction, University of Wales (United Kingdom)

Research Interests


  • Racial and ethnic minority populations
  • People with disabilities
  • Rural People

Substantive focus

  • Electronic Health Information Systems
  • Cost effectiveness analysis of health programs
  • Policy impact analysis
  • Social and economic determinants of health
  • Household health production
  • Health inequities
  • Access to health care and to other services
  • Socioeconomic status and access to care for people with disabilities
  • Household gender-structure and health production
  • Participatory action research methods

Courses Taught

  • MPH 6020 Research Methods
  • Health Economics
  • Health Policy & Politics

Selected Publications

Broyles, RW, Mwachofi, AK, Khaliq, AA. (2013). A Conflict Choice Model of Health Services Use: The Case of the HIV. Journal of Health and Human Services Administration (in press).

Khaliq, AA, Mwachofi, AK, Hughes, DR, Broyles, RW, Wheeler, D and Roswell, RH. (2013). The Current State of Electronic Health Record (EHR) Use in Oklahoma. Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association, 106(2), 53-56.

Mwachofi, AK. (2012). Building Trust and Collaboration with Rural Minorities: Experiences with Minority Farmers in the Mississippi Delta, Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice, 5(2) article 6. Available at:

Mwachofi, AK, Broyles, R. (2012). Does Household Gender-Structure Affect Physical Health? Psychology of Gender Differences. Chapter 13, pp. 225-245, Nova Publishers.

Mwachofi, AK, Broyles R. (2012). The Covariates of Mental Health with Special Reference to Household Gender-Structure. Psychology of Gender Differences. Chapter 14, pp. 245-265. Nova Publishers.

Mwachofi, AK and Al-Assaf, AF. (2011). Health Care Market Deviations from the Ideal Market. SQU Medical Journal, 11(3)171-180.

Mwachofi, AK and Al-Assaf, AF. (2011). Health and Economic Costs of Smoking - a Review. American Academy of Medical Administrator Executive, 26,1-7.

Mwachofi, AK, Walston, S, and Al-Omar, B. (2011). Factors affecting nurses' patient safety perceptions. International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, Vol. 24 (4), 274-283. (Honored as a Highly Commended Paper at the Literati Network Awards for Excellence 2012).

Mwachofi, AK, and waMwachofi, N. (2010). Modeling health inequities research in context and the minority researcher's role. Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice, 3(3) 21-42.

Broyles, RW, Mwachofi, AK, and Khaliq, AA. (2010). A Conflict Choice Model of Health Services Use: The Case of HIV Test. Journal of Health and Human Services Administration (in press).

Walston, SL, Mwachofi, AK, Aldosari, B, Al-Omar, BA, Al-Yousef, A, and Sheikh, A. (2010). The impact of information technology and organizational focus on the visibility of patient errors. Q Manage Health Care, 19(3), 248-58.

Mwachofi, AK, Hopkins, D, and Thornton, L. (2010). Minority-white vocational rehabilitation consumer closure type differences pre- and post-1998 amendments to section 21 of the Rehabilitation Act. Journal of Minority Disability Research and Practice, 1(2),34-53.

Mwachofi, AK, Hopkins, D, and Thornton, L. (2010). Vocational rehabilitation services unsuccessful closure reasons trends over time. Journal of Minority Disability Research and Practice, 1(3) 148-174.

Mwachofi, AK, Heinemann, A, and Assaf, AF. (2010). Factors affecting reduction of gender differences in health care coverage for Vocational Rehabilitation clients with disabilities. Women's Health Issues, 20(1), 66-74.

Khaliq, AA, Mwachofi, AK, Broyles, RW. (2010). Physician autonomy vs. self-regulation: You can't have one without the other. Ethics & Medicine, 26(2) 111-120.

Mwachofi, AK, Broyles, R, Khaliq, AA. (2009). Factors affecting vocational rehabilitation intervention outcomes: the case for minorities with disabilities. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 20(3), 170-177.

Mwachofi, AK. (2009). Gender Differences in access and intervention outcomes: the case for women with disabilities. Disability and Rehabilitation, 31(3) 693-700.

Mwachofi, AK, Bryant, E. (2009). Traditional vs. Participatory Research: Experiences from Rural Lower Mississippi Delta. Manifestation: Journal of Community Engaged Research and Learning Partnerships, 1(2) [Epub ahead of print].

Mwachofi, AK, York, KD, and Lewis, BM. (2009). Enhancing Service Delivery to Minority Farmers: VR Counselors' Perceptions and Recommendations. Journal of Rehabilitation, 75(2), 12-24.

Khaliq, AA, Broyles, RW, Mwachofi, AK. (2009). Global Nurse Migration: Its impact on developing countries and prospects for the future. Nursing Leadership, 22(1), 24-50.

Mwachofi, AK. (2008). African Americans Access to Vocational Rehabilitation Services after Anti-discrimination Legislation. The Journal of Negro Education, 77(1), 39-59.

Mwachofi, AK, Broyles, B. (2008). Is Minority Status A More Consistent Predictor of Disability than Socio-Economic Status? Journal of Disability and Policy Studies, 19(1), 34-43.