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WALTER EMERSON POFAHL, II, M.D.
Chief of the Division of Advanced Laparoscopic, Gastrointestinal and Endocrine Surgery

 

Address:
Brody School of Medicine
East Carolina University
600 Moye Boulevard
Greenville, NC 27858
Phone: (252) 744-4751 (clinical)
           (252) 744-4748 (administrative)
E-mail: pofahlw@ecu.edu


Current Professional and Academic Appointment:

2000 – present Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina


Licensure:
Alabama, North Carolina


Certification:
Diplomate, American Board of Surgery, 1995


Education:
1980 - 1984 Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN (B.A., Molecular Biology)

1984 - 1988 West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV (M.D.)


Postgraduate Training:
1988 - 1989 Intern, Department of Surgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY

1989 - 1994 Resident, Department of Surgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY

1991 - 1992 Research Fellow, Department of Surgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY


Professional Society Memberships:
  • American Association of Endocrine Surgeons
  • American College of Gastroenterology
  • American College of Surgeons, Fellow
  • American Geriatrics Society, Section for Surgical and Related Medical Specialties
  • Association for Surgical Education
  • Pancreas Club
  • Society of American Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Surgeons
  • Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • Southeastern Surgical Congress


Academic Appointments:
1994 - 2000 Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of South Alabama, Mobile, Alabama

1995 -2000 Associate Scientist, University of South Alabama Hospitals Cancer Center


Administrative Responsibilities:

University of South Alabama:
1995 - 2000 Director, Surgical Endoscopy

1996 – 2000 Director, Medical Student Education

East Carolina University:
2002-2003 Interim Chief, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Pitt County Memorial Hospital

2003-Present Chief, Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Pitt County Memorial Hospital


University Committees:

University of South Alabama:

  • 2000 Ad Hoc Longitudinal Medical School Planning Committee
  • 2000 Internal Review Gastroenterology Residency, Ad Hoc Committee
  • 1999 - 2000 Continuing Medical Education Committee
  • 1998 – 2000 Clinical Focus Group, Southwest Alabama Rural Telehealth Network
  • 1997 – 2000 Curriculum Committee; Co-Chair, Early Clinical Experience Subcommittee
  • 1997 – 2000 Student Promotion and Evaluation Committee
  • 1995 - 1998 Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee

East Carolina University:

  • 2001-present Compliance Committee
  • 2002-present Telemedicine Advisory Board
  • 2002-present CME Advisory Committee
  • 2003-present Medical Faculty Practice Plan Compensation Committee
  • 2003-present Clinical Directors Committee
  • 2004-present Faculty Senate


Hospital Committees:

University of South Alabama:

  • 1995 - 1999 PrimeHealth Utilization Management Committee
  • 1995 - 2000 Surgical Case Review Committee
  • 1998 – 1999 Special Care Committee
  • 1999 – 2000 Surgery Committee
  • 1999 - 2000 Quality Assurance Committee

Pitt County Memorial Hospital:

  • 2001 Information Flow and Availability Subcommittee
  • 2001-present Computerized Physician Order Entry Steering Committee
  • 2003-2004 Patient Care Access Committee
  • 2003–present Graduate Medical Education Policy Committee
  • 2004-present Utilization Management Committee
  • 2004-present Operating Room Committee


Departmental Committees:

University of South Alabama:

  • 1994 - 2000 Surgery Grand Rounds Committee
  • 1994 - 2000 Resident Education Committee
  • 1994 - 2000 Research Committee

East Carolina University:
2000 - present Surgical Education Committee

2004 – present Personnel Committee


National Committees:

  • 1996 - present Committee for Evaluation and Testing, Association for Surgical Education
  • Co-chair, Steering Committee for developing assessment item bank (2002)
  • 1998 – present Committee for Curriculum, Association for Surgical Education
  • 2000 - 2002 Awards Committee, Association for Surgical Education (chair, 2001-2002)
  • 2001 – 2002 Executive Committee, Association for Surgical Education
  • 2002 – 2003 Program Committee, Association of Program Directors in Surgery
  • 2002 – present Program Committee, American Geriatrics Society, Section for Surgical and Related Medical Specialties
  • 2003 – present Surgical Curriculum Committee, American Board of Surgery


Other:
University of South Alabama:
1997 – 1999 Clinical Science Advisor to the Student Assembly

1998 – 2000 Faculty Advisor, Surgery Interest Group

East Carolina University:
2002 Co-director physician assistant student surgery lecture series

2002 - present Physician Reviewer, Colon Cancer Patient Care Evaluations, Pitt County Memorial Hospital Tumor Registry


Awards and Honors:

  • Eagle Scout, Troop 20, Huntington, WV, 1980
  • Van Liere Award Competition, West Virginia University, Recipient third place award, 1985
  • American College of Surgeons State Committee on Trauma Resident Paper Competition, Recipient third place award, September 1991
  • Frederick A. Coller Surgical Society Clinical Tour, 1993
  • Medical Excellence Scholarship Award, Southern Medical Association, 1997
  • Red Sash Award, 1998, 1999, 2000
  • Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society, 2002


Publications:

Papers:
1. RW Schwartz, WA Arden, WE Pofahl, M Derbin, R Oremus, RN Greenberg, DR Gross. Effect of anti-lipid A monoclonal antibody (E5) on microcirculatory function during lipopolysaccharide shock. Journal of Surgical Research, 54:474, 1993.

2.
Toursarkissian, TN Zweng, PA Kearney, WE Pofahl, SB Johnson, DE Barker. Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy: Report of 141 cases. Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 57:862-7, 1994

3. WE Pofahl, WA Arden, WF Marterre, DW Smith, M Derbin, R Oremus, DR Gross, WE Strodel.  Intestinal microcirculatory effects of octreotide. Journal of Surgical Research, 56:345, 1994

4. WE Pofahl, SM Walczak, E Rhone, SD Izenberg.  Use of an artificial neural network to predict length of stay in acute pancreatitis. American Surgeon 64:868-872, 1998.

5.WE Pofahl, F Ringold.  Management of early dislodgment of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes.  Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy, & Percutaneous Techniques 9:253-256, 1999.

6  WE Pofahl, SM Walczak.  Predicting length of stay in acute pancreatitis.  Surgical Forum 50:657-659, 1999.

7. RW Schwartz, WE Pofahl, MJ Mastrangelo, Jr.  Introduction: current reviews in gastrointestinal, minimally invasive, & endocrine surgery.  Current Surgery 57(4):312, 2000.

8. WE Pofahl.  Surgical judgment and decision making.  Focus on Surgical Education 17:33-34, 2000.

9.TD Balint, BM Bailey, KG Mendelson, WE Pofahl.  Hepatic abscess: current concepts in diagnosis and treatment.  Current Surgery 58(4):381-384, 2001.

10.  S Robbins, WE Pofahl, RP Gonzalez.  Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair reduces wound complications.  American Surgeon 67(9):896-900, 2001.

11.  KG Mendelson, BM Bailey, TD Balint, WE Pofahl.  Meckel’s diverticulum:  review and surgical management.  Current Surgery 58(5):455-457, 2001.

12.  WE Pofahl, JA DiPalma.  Acalculous cholecystopathy.  eMedicine Journal 3(1), 2002.  http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic347.htm.

13.  W.E. Pofahl, W.J. Pories, Is it possible to stay up-to-date after the residency?  Current Surgery 59(1):112-114, 2002.

14.  WE Pofahl, MS Swanson, SS Cox, DM DaRe, CE Haisch, WJ Pories, WR Chitwood.  Performance standards improve American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination Scores.  Current Surgery 59(2):220-222, 2002.

15.  WE Pofahl.  Review of Sabiston Textbook of Surgery: The Biological Basis of Modern Surgical Practice, 16th ed, Townsend, Beauchamp, Evers, Mattox (eds.), Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders, 2001; Current Surgery 59(4):401, 2002.

16. JH Garofalo, WE Pofahl. Achalasia: a brief review of treatment options and efficacy. Current Surgery 59(6):549-553, 2002.

17. S Walczak, WE Pofahl, RJ Scorpio. A decision support tool for allocating hospital bed resources and determining required acuity of care. Decision Support Systems 34(4):445-456, 2003.

18. WE Pofahl, WJ Pories. Current status and future directions of geriatric general surgery. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 51(7S):S351-354, 2003.

19. J Johnson, JS Roth, J Hazey, WE Pofahl. The history of open inguinal hernia repair. Current Surgery 61(1):49-52, 2004.

20. JS Roth, J Johnson, J Hazey, WE Pofahl. Current laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair. Current Surgery 61(1):53-56, 2004.

21. WE Pofahl, JS Kelly, TD Smith. The Internet and laparoscopy: does cybersurgery have a future? Current Surgery (in press).

22. WE Pofahl. Review of Geriatrics Syllabus for Specialists, Katz, Grossberg, Potter, Solomon, (eds.), New York, NY: American Geriatrics Society, 2002; Annals of Surgery (accepted for publication).

23. AM Jarchow, DA Blanks, WE Pofahl. Management of hyperparathyroidism in elderly patients. Current Surgery Accepted for publication).


Abstracts:
1. WE Pofahl, RJ Neff. Stimulation of in-vitro macrophage-mediated cytotoxicity. West Virginia Medical Journal, 81:263,1985.

2. WE Pofahl, DW Smith, WF Marterre, RW Landrum, WE Strodel. High-energy phosphate recovery following graded warm hepatic ischemia. Gastroenterology, 102:A869, 1992.

3. JN Benoit, H Gao, WJ Thompson and W Pofahl. Reduced vasoconstrictor function in resistance arteries from portal hypertensive rats; evidence for impaired calcium mobilization and increased cAMP dependent protein kinase activity. Gastroenterology, 110:A312, 1996.

4. WE Pofahl, BA Marble, AA Rizzo, PA Logsdon, JR Fletcher. Adenosine maintains tissue perfusion in endotoxemia. FASEB Journal 10:A577, 1996.

5. WE Pofahl and SD Izenberg. The use of neural networks to predict complications in acute pancreatitis. Gastroenterology, 112:A473, 1997.

6. WE Pofahl, TB Pickron, JN Benoit. Intestinal vascular responses to octreotide in portal hypertension are restricted to proximal microvessels. Gastroenterology, 112:A395, 1997.

7. OL Middleton, H Gao, Z Jiao, W Pofahl, and JN Benoit. Modulation of vascular norepinephrine responses by KATP channels in normal and portal hypertensive rats. Gastroenterology, 112:A385, 1997.

8. WE Pofahl, SM Walczak, E Rhone. Predicting length of stay in acute pancreatitis with a neural network. Gastroenterology 114:A491, 1998.

9. WE Pofahl, J Richerson. Vascular reactivity in acute pancreatitis. Gastroenterology 116:A1156, 1999.

Book Chapters:
1. KW Sharp, WE Pofahl. Pancreas. In: PF Lawrence, ed. Essentials of General Surgery, third edition. Baltimore: William and Wilkins, 2000:327-342

2. WE Pofahl, DA Sloan. Implementation of the Objective Structured Clinical. In: JA McCoy, HW Merrick eds. The Objective Structured Clinical Examination. Springfield: Association for Surgical Education Clearinghouse 2001:24-33.

3. Contributor to: DM Jacobs, D Poenaru, eds. Surgical Educators Handbook. Springfield: Association for Surgical Education Clearinghouse 2002.


Editorial Service:

  • 2000 - present Current Surgery, Editorial Board
  • 2001 - present Content expert, General Surgery; Research Agenda Setting Process, American Geriatrics Society/Hartford Project: Increasing Geriatrics Expertise in Surgical and Medical Specialties
  • 2002 - present Association for Surgical Education Editorial Board
  • 2003 Surgical Resident Curriculum, 4th ed. SS Cox, WE Pofahl, WJ Pories, eds. Arlington, VA: Association of Program Directors in Surgery, 2002.
  • 2002 IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks, reviewer
  • 2003 Environmental Geochemistry and Health, reviewer
  • 2003 Item writer, American Board of Surgery Qualifying Examination