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Department of Pediatrics
TEDI BEAR - Children's Advocacy Center


Types of Child Abuse & Neglect

Physical Abuse includes beating, harmful restraint, the use or threatened use of a weapon or of an object that can be used as a weapon, or other actions that might result in physical injury. These injuries may include bruises, cuts, burns, fractures, and head injuries.

Sexual Abuse includes any type of sexual contact with a child. The act may be perpetrated by an adult, or by another child who forces, persuades, or manipulates the victim. Sexual abuse may also include non-contact sexual acts such as exhibitionism, voyeurism, or exposure to pornography.

Emotional Abuse includes attitudes or behaviors toward a child that create serious emotional or psychological damage.

Neglect includes serious disregard for a child's supervision, care, or discipline. This may include malnourishment, poor hygiene, lack of needed medical care, and insufficient supervision.

Suspected child abuse or neglect should be reported to the Department of Social Services in the county where the child lives. Anyone who has a reasonable suspicion of child abuse or neglect is required by law to report (North Carolina General Statutes 7B-301).