War on Terrorism Resource Guide #7: Abu Musab al-Zarqawi and al-Qa'ida in Iraq

Last Modified: April 20, 2007

This page offers links to selected resources on Abu Musab al-Zarqawi and his terrorist network Al-Qa'ida in Iraq, known officially as Tanzim Qa’idat al-Jihad Fi Bilad al-Rafidayn (Organization of Jihad's Base in the Country of the Two Rivers), or QJBR for short. The group was formerly known as Tawhid wal Jihad. Links to information on other jihadist and insurgent organizations active in post-Saddam Iraq are also included.

Profiles and Background Strategic and Operational Analysis
QJBR Statements, Interviews, and Documents Ideology and Beliefs
Foreign Fighters in Iraq Other Iraqi Insurgent Groups



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Profiles and Background


Abu Musab al-Zarqawi: A Biographical Sketch: (http://www.jamestown.org/terrorism/news/article.php?search=1&articleid=2369019).

-December 2004 overview published by the Jamestown Foundation.

Backgrounder: Abu Musab al-Zarqawi: (http://www.defenddemocracy.org/publications/publications_show.htm?doc_id=226125&attrib_id=7595).
-Introductory profile from the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies.

Global Security.org: Jamaat al-Tawhid wa'l-Jihad: (http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/para/zarqawi.htm).
-Profile of the Zarqawi network.

Al-Hayat Inquiry: The City of Al-Zarqaa in Jordan – Breeding Ground of Jordan's Salafi Jihad Movement: (http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=archives&Area=sd&ID=SP84805).
-Translated excerpts of a series of articles published in December 2004 by the London-based Arabic newspaper Al-Hayat, investigating the origins of Zarqawi and his organization. Translation produced by the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI).

MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base: Tanzim Qa’idat al-Jihad Fi Bilad al-Rafidayn: (http://www.tkb.org/Group.jsp?groupID=4416).
-Introductory profile of al-Qa'ida in Iraq. Discusses goals, philosophy, number and type of attacks, and features profiles of leaders and related organizations, and links to additional resources.

MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base: Tawhid and Jihad: (http://www.tkb.org/Group.jsp?groupID=4338).
-Introductory profile of the organization that became al-Qa'ida in Iraq. Discusses goals, philosophy, number and type of attacks, and features links to additional resources.

MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base: Zarqawi Profile: (http://www.tkb.org/KeyLeader.jsp?memID=5872).
-A brief descriptive profile.

‘The Sheikh of the Slaughterers’: Abu Mus'ab Al-Zarqawi and the Al-Qa'ida Connection: (http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=subjects&Area=jihad&ID=IA23105).
-"This paper explores Al-Zarqawi's words and actions and his linkage with al-Qa'ida under the leadership of Osama bin Laden." Published in July 2005 by the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI).

Unraveling Zarqawi's al-Qaeda Connection: (http://www.jamestown.org/terrorism/news/article.php?articleid=2369021).
-December 2004 analysis from the Jamestown Foundation.

Zarqawi and Al-Adl's Testament: (http://www.asharqalawsat.com/english/news.asp?section=2&id=209).
-Discussion of Zarqawi's relationship with al-Qa'ida military commander Saif al-Adel from the June 1, 2005 issue of Asharq al-Awsat.

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Strategic and Operational Analysis

Coalition Warfare, Part II: How Zarqawi Fits into Bin Laden's World Front: (http://www.jamestown.org/terrorism/news/article.php?search=1&articleid=2369666).
-April 2005 assessment from former CIA analyst Michael Scheuer, published by the Jamestown Foundation.

The Future of Terror: (http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=9416).
-Transcript of an April 22, 2005 online symposium held by Frontpage Magazine with counterterrorism specialists Evan Kohlmann, Simon Reeve, Rohan Gunaratna, and Dan Darling regarding the impact of the Iraq war on al-Qa'ida and terrorism.

The Impact of the War in Iraq on Islamist Groups and the Culture of Global Jihad: (http://www.e-prism.org/images/Impact_of_the_war_in_Iraq_-_paper.pdf).
-September 2004 paper from Dr. Reuvan Paz of the Project for the Research of Islamist Movements (E-PRISM).

The Jihad in Iraq: An Engine for International Terrorism: (http://counterterror.typepad.com/the_counterterrorism_blog/2005/05/the_jihad_in_ir.html).
-Brief analysis from Evan Kohlmann, posted on May 10, 2005 to the Counterterrorism Blog.

“The Rise of Zarqawi; Is he the next bin Laden?”: (http://www.nixoncenter.org/publications/TheRiseofZarqawi.pdf).
-June 2004 article by Steven Brooke, originally published in the Weekly Standard.

Vivisecting the Jihad: Part Two: (http://www.inthenationalinterest.com/Articles/October2004/October2004Debat.html).
-Analysis of the Zarqawi network and other foreign jihadists in Iraq, from the October 2004 issue of In the National Interest.

Zarqawi is the First "Prince" in Iraq, But the Emperor is Bin Laden: (http://www.defenddemocracy.org/publications/publications_show.htm?doc_id=254313).
-Brief analysis by Dr. Walid Phares of the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies.

Zarqawi's Global Reach: (http://www.inthenationalinterest.com/Articles/May%202005/May2005Debat.html).
-Analysis of Zarqawi and his role in al-Qa'ida, from the May 2005 issue of In the National Interest.

Zarqawi's Jordanian Agenda: (http://www.washingtoninstitute.org/templateC06.php?CID=750).
-December 16, 2004 analysis by Matthew Levitt and Julie Sawyer of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.

‘Zarqawi’s Strategy in Iraq’ – Is there a “New Al-Qaeda?”: (http://www.e-prism.org/images/PRISM_no_5_vol_3_-_Iraq_strategy.pdf).
-August 2005 analysis from Dr. Reuven Paz of the Project for the Research of Islamist Movements (E-PRISM).

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QJBR Statements, Interviews, and Documents

First Audio Recording By Al-Qa'ida Leader in Iraq Abu Mus'ab Al-Zarqawi: (http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=subjects&Area=jihad&ID=SP63904).
-Translated excerpts of Zarqawi remarks published on the web on January 7, 2004. Translation courtesy of the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI).

Former Jihad Fighter in Afghanistan: Al-Zarqawi's Group Adopted the Worst Practices of the Algerian GIA; Their Brutal Actions will Lead to Their Isolation: (http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=subjects&Area=jihad&ID=SP81304).
-Translated excerpts of an interview with a former jihadist named Nu'man ibn 'Uthman, published in the November 8, 2004 issue of the London-based Arabic newspaper Al-Hayat. Translation produced by the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI).

Global Terror Alert: (www.globalterroralert.com).
-Web site of counterterrorism analyst Evan Kohlmann features translations of al-Qa'ida in Iraq communiques and statements, as well as articles and analyses from Kohlmann.

The Iraqi Al-Qa'ida Organization: A Self-Portrait: (http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=subjects&Area=jihad&ID=SP88405).
-"Recently the first issue of the "Department of Indoctrination" of the Al-Qa'ida-Iraq organization's online magazine was published under the title of "The Crest of the Summit of Islam" [Dhurwat Sanam Al-Islam], an expression which is commonly used to designate Jihad. An article in the magazine by a certain Abu Maysara, who is believed to be one of the commanders of the Al-Qai'da organization in Iraq, discusses the identity of the Iraqi Al-Qa'ida organization and outlines its aims". Translation released on March 24, 2005 by the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI).

Leader of Al-Qaeda in Iraq Al-Zarqawi Declares ‘Total War’ on Shi'ites, States that the Sunni Women of Tel'afar Had ‘Their Wombs Filled with the Sperm of the Crusaders’: (http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=subjects&Area=jihad&ID=SP98705).
-Translated excerpts of a Zarqawi speech published on the web on September 14, 2005. Translation courtesy of the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI).

Letter from al-Zawahiri to al-Zarqawi: (http://www.globalsecurity.org/security/library/report/2005/zawahiri-zarqawi-letter_9jul2005.htm).
-Translated copy of July 9, 2005 letter from al-Qa'ida second in command Ayman al-Zawahiri to Zarqawi. Released by the US Office of the Director of National Intelligence in October 2005.

Osama Bin Laden to the Iraqi People: It Is Forbidden to Participate in Iraqi & PA Elections; Jihad in Palestine and Iraq is Incumbent upon Residents of All Muslim Countries, Not Just Iraqis and Palestinians; Zarqawi is the Commander of Al-Qa'ida in Iraq: (http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=archives&Area=sd&ID=SP83704).
-Excerpts from bin Laden's December 27, 2004 speech in which he named Zarqawi as "Emir" of al-Qa'ida in Iraq. Published by the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI).

al-Qaeda's Advice for Mujahideen in Iraq: Lessons Learned in Afghanistan: (http://www.intelcenter.com/Qaeda-Guerrilla-Iraq-v1-0.pdf).
-April 2003 report by Ben Venzke and Aimee Ibrahim of the IntelCenter, offering analysis and a complete translation of an article by al-Qa'ida military commander Saif al-Adel. More analyses can be found on the IntelCenter Web site.

SITE Institute: (http://www.siteinstitute.org/).
-Provides news and information on al-Qa'ida and other Islamist terrorists, as well as content analysis of radical Islamist Web sites and summaries of al-Qa'ida in Iraq statements and communiques. Full translations are available to subscribers.

Zarqawi and other Islamists to the Iraqi People: Elections and Democracy are Heresy: (http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=archives&Area=sd&ID=SP85605).
-Excerpts from statements released by Zarqawi and other jihadists on the topic of democracy. Most are from late 2004 or early 2005. Translated by the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI).

The "Zarqawi Letter": (http://www.iraqcoalition.org/transcripts/20040212_zarqawi_full.html).
-Transcribed version of letter captured from an al-Qa'ida courier in January 2004, discussing the activities and strategy of radical Islamist terrorists in Iraq. The letter is believed to have been written by Islamist terrorist leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. Released by the Coalition Provisional Authority on February 12, 2004.

Al-Zarqawi's Message to the Fighters of Jihad in Iraq on September 11, 2004: (http://www.memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=archives&Area=sd&ID=SP78504).
-Partial transcript released by the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI).

Zarqawi's Pledge of Allegiance to al-Qaeda: From Mu'asker al-Battar, Issue 21: (http://www.jamestown.org/terrorism/news/article.php?articleid=2369020).
-Translation of the October 2004 Zarqawi statement in which he proclaimed allegiance to Osama bin Laden and renamed his organization al-Qa'ida in Iraq.

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Ideology and Beliefs

Zarqawi And the D-Word; Is Democracy Un-Islamic?: (http://www.defenddemocracy.org/research_topics/research_topics_show.htm?doc_id=258170).
-Essay by Dr. Fawaz Gerges, originally published in the January 30, 2005 edition of the Washington Post.

Zarqawi's Declining Ideological Support among Islamists: (http://jamestown.org/terrorism/news/article.php?articleid=2369749).
-July 2005 analysis by Stephen Ulph of the Jamestown Foundation.

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Foreign Fighters in Iraq

Arab Volunteers Killed in Iraq: An Analysis: (http://www.e-prism.org/images/PRISM_no_1_vol_3_-_Arabs_killed_in_Iraq.pdf).
-March 2005 analysis from Dr. Reuven Paz of the Project for the Research of Islamist Movements (E-PRISM).

"Foreign Fighters," Terrorism and the Iraqi Handover: (http://www.inthenationalinterest.com/Articles/Vol3Issue25/Vol3Issue25Debat.html).
-Essay on the role of foreign jihadists in Iraq, from the June 23, 2004 issue of In the National Interest.

Saudi Militants in Iraq: Assessment and Kingdom's Response: (http://www.csis.org/index.php?option=com_csis_pubs&task=view&id=1442).
-September 2005 report from the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

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Other Iraqi Insurgent Groups

Analysis of Sunni-Based Opposition in Iraq: (http://www.ccc.nps.navy.mil/si/2005/May/haughSunniMay05.asp).
-Analysis of Sunni insurgent groups based on social movement theory. Published in the May 2005 issue of Strategic Insights.

Ansar al-Islam: Back in Iraq: (http://www.meforum.org/article/579).
-Study of the radical Islamist group believed responsible for many of the suicide terrorist attacks that have occurred in post-Saddam Iraq. Published in the Winter 2004 issue of the Middle East Quarterly.

Global Security.org: Iraqi Insurgency Groups: (http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/iraq_insurgency.htm).
-Overall analysis with brief profiles of many individual groups.

The Insurgency: (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/insurgency/).
-Companion web site for a February 2006 PBS Frontline documentary analyzing the Iraqi insurgency. Includes interviews, links and readings, a program transcript, and streaming video of the documentary.

An Inventory of Iraqi Resistance Groups: (http://web.archive.org/web/20041119030058/http://www.fas.org/irp/news/2004/09/az091904.html).
-Translated version of an analysis published in the September 19, 2004 issue of the Iraqi newspaper Al Zawra. Made available by the Federation of American Scientists.

Iraqi Elections (III): The Islamist and Terrorist Threats: (http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?Page=archives&Area=ia&ID=IA20205).
-January 18, 2005 overview of various insurgent groups by the Middle East Media Research Institute (MEMRI).

The Iraqi Mujahidin: a foothold for al-Qaida: (http://www.ict.org.il/articles/articledet.cfm?articleid=486).
-May 29, 2003 analysis from the International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism.

Iraqi Wahabbi Factions affiliated with Abu Musa'ab al-Zarqawi: (http://www.ict.org.il/articles/articledet.cfm?articleid=530).
-March 2005 analysis from the International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism.

Al-Jam’iya al-Salafiya al-Mujahida: A new Jihadi group claims attacks on the U.S. Army in Western Iraq: (http://www.ict.org.il/articles/articledet.cfm?articleid=501).
-November 1, 2003 analysis from the International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism.

MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base: Directory of Iraqi Terrorist and Insurgent Groups: (http://www.tkb.org/Category.jsp?catID=192).
-Alphabetical list featuring a profile of each group. Information includes goals, ideology, number of type of attacks, and leadership.

Resistance in Iraq: (http://www.meforum.org/article/553).
-Overview and analysis of postwar guerrilla activity published in the Fall 2003 issue of the Middle East Quarterly.

The Salafization of the Iraq Conflict: (http://jamestown.org/terrorism/news/article.php?articleid=2369808).
-October 2005 analysis by Stephen Ulph of the Jamestown Foundation, arguing that much of the Iraqi insurgency is made up of former Baathists who have adopted radical Islamist discourse and ideology.

The Sunni Insurgency in Iraq: (http://www.mideasti.org/articles/doc89.html).
-August 2003 policy brief on the postwar anti-American guerrilla movement, published by the Middle East Institute.

Terrorism: Questions & Answers: Ansar al Islam: (http://cfrterrorism.org/groups/ansar.html).
-Basic profile of the al-Qa'ida linked Iraqi terror group. Produced by the Council on Foreign Relations.

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Created and maintained by David Durant, Political Science and Government Documents Librarian at Joyner Library, East Carolina University. This page and the sites that it links to do not necessarily reflect the views of Joyner Library or East Carolina University.

 URL of this Page: http://www.ecu.edu/cs-lib/govdoc/zarqawi.cfm

This page was created on November 3, 2005.


War on Terrorism Resource Guide #7: Abu Musab al-Zarqawi and al-Qa'ida in Iraq - Joyner Library

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