Cadets learn to use 9 mm pistols or M-4 carbine rifles at the simulated firing range, which resembles a typical military or civilian facility. No machine gun systems are used.
The weapons work with air compressors and lasers that aim at targets projected on a large screen. The rectangular-shaped room is painted black, and students lie or stand on an artificial turf-covered platform to practice. Magazines are weighted and can carry about 30 rounds of ammunition. Instructors program in the number of bullets each participant has, and cadets can even wear body armor.