School of Dental Medicine

Faculty and Staff

Linda E. May, PhD, MS

Assistant Professor

Ledyard E. Ross Hall

Clinical Interests
Development of the child before and after birth, body composition and heart health measures for the baby in utero and after birth into childhood, attenuating the risk of obesity, diabetes, and heart disease

PhD - Kent State University and Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine
MS - University of Florida
BS - University of Florida

Society Memberships:

American Heart Association (AHA)

International Association of Medical Science Educators (IAMSE)

American Physiological Society (APS)

American Association of Anatomists (AAA)

American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM)

Biographical Information:
Dr. Linda May, assistant professor at the ECU School of Dental Medicine, teaches dental students and is also an adjunct faculty assistant professor of exercise physiology. Dr. May conducts research on topics relating to the connection between exercise during pregnancy and development of the baby, and has had her research presented in world-wide media outlets, including the New York Times.

Dr. May received a PhD from Kent State University and Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine. Her dissertation focus was on the development of the cardiac beta-adrenergic system in BAX and NGF knockout mice. She attended the University of Florida where she earned a MS, graduating Cum Laude in Exercise physiology. Dr. May also graduated, with Honors, from the University of Florida with a BS in Sports Administration.

Dr. May published her first book “Physiology of Prenatal Exercise and Fetal Development” in 2012, and has won the 2012 East Carolina University Health Sciences Author Award. Dr. May has taught for over fifteen years, in subjects including histology, physiology, gross anatomy, and biology. Her hobbies and interests include spending time with her family, biking, hiking, exercising, gardening, cooking, baseball, and the outdoors.


1. May, LE, Terry, M, Drake, WB, Suminski, RR. (2014). Effects of Exercise During Pregnancy on Childhood Heart Measures. Journal of Cardiobiology S(1): 5.

2. Moyer, C, May, L. (2014). Influence of exercise mode on Maternal, Fetal, and Neonatal outcomes. Medical Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2(2):1036.

3. May, LE, Smith, EM, Zare-Maivan, E. Choosing Not To Exercise During Pregnancy. (2014). Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy 4:3.

4. May, LE, Suminski, RR, Langaker, MD (2014). Influence of Maternal BMI and Exercise on Fetal Heart Outcomes. In Print Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics.

5. Van Leeuwen,P, Gustafson,KM, Cysarz,D, Geue,D, May,LE, Grönemeyer,,D. (2014). Aerobic exercise during pregnancy and presence of fetal-maternal heart rate synchronization. PLoSOne. 9(8):e103036. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0106036. eCollection 2014. PMID: 25162592

6. May, L. (2014). Considerations of the pregnant dental patient. Journal of Dental Health, Oral Disorders & Therapy, 1(2), 00010. doi:10.15406/jdhodt.2014.01.00010

7. May, LE, Suminski, R. R., Berry, A., Langaker, M. D., & Gustafson, K. M. (2014). Maternal physical activity mode and fetal heart outcome. Early Human Development 90(7):365-369. ( PMID: 24794306

8. May, L, Suminski, R. R., Yeung, A. Y., Linklater, E. R., Christensen, C., & Jahnke, S. (2014). Pregnant patient knowledge of and obstetric provider advice on oral health. Dentistry, Oral Disorders & Therapy, 2(1), 1-6.

9. May, LE, Scholtz, S. A., Suminski, R., & Gustafson, K. M. (2014). Aerobic exercise during pregnancy influences infant heart rate variability at one month of age. Early Human Development, 90(1), 33-38. doi: PMID: 24287100

10. May, L, Suminski, R., Berry, A., Linklater, E., & Jahnke, S. (2014). Diet and pregnancy: Health-care providers and patient behaviors. Journal of Perinatal Education, 23(1), 50-58. doi:10.1891/1058-1243.23.1.50. PMID: 24453468

11. May, LE, Suminski, R. R., Linklater, E. R., Jahnke, S., & Glaros, A. G. (2013). Exercise during pregnancy: The role of obstetric providers. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 113(8), 612-619. doi:10.7556/jaoa.2013.022. PMID: 23918912

12. Suminski, RR, Connolly, E, Wasserman, JA, May, LE, Lee, RE, Olvera, N. (2012). Park Quality in Racial/Ethnic Minority Neighborhoods. Environmental Justice 5(6): 271-278.

13. Suminski, RR, Hendrix, D, May, LE, Wasserman, JA, Guillory, VJ. (2012). Bibliometric Measures and National Institutes of Health Funding at Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine, 2006-2010. JAOA 112(11):716-724.

14. May, LE, Suminski, RS, Langaker, M, Yeh, H-W, Gustafson, KM. (2012). Regular Maternal Exercise Dose and Fetal Heart Outcomes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 44(7):1252-8.

15. Gustafson, KM, May, L, Yeh, H-W, Allen, JJB, Million, SK. (2012). Fetal Cardiac Autonomic Control during Breathing and Non-Breathing Epochs: The Effect of Maternal Exercise. Ear Hum Dev 88(7):539-546.

 16. Suminski, RS, May, LE, Guillory, VJ. (2012). Research Funding at Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine in the U.S. JAOA 112(10):665-672.

17. May, LE, Lievens-Widenski, AM. (2011). Pre-clerkship Preparation from Live Patient Practice Pelvic Examinations. Medical Science Educator 21(4): online articles.

18. Gustafson, K, Allen, JJB, Yeh, H, May, LE. (2011). Characterization of the Fetal Diaphragmatic Magnetomyogram and the Effect of Breathing Movements on Cardiac Metrics of Rate and Variability. Ear Hum Dev 87(7): 467-75.

19. Suminski R, Ding D, Lee R, May L, Tota T, Dinius D. (2011). Youth Physical Activity Opportunities in Lower and Higher Income Neighborhoods. Journal of Urban Health 88(4): 599-615.

20. May, LE. (2010). Building Healthier Babies and Adults for Tomorrow. Missouri Medicine 108(1): 55-59.

21. Lievens, AM, May, LE. (2010). Student Perceptions of Preclerkship Pelvic Examinations. JIAMSE 20(2): 153-159, 2010.

22. May, L, Glaros, A, Yeh, H, Clapp, JF Gustafson, K.  (2010). Aerobic Exercise during Pregnancy Influences Fetal Cardiac Autonomic Control of Heart Rate and Heart Rate Variability. Early Human Development 86(4): 213-217.

23. Braith RW, Clapp L, Brown T, Brown C, Schofield R, Mills RM, Hill JA.  (2000). Rate-responsive pacing improves exercise tolerance in heart transplant recipients: a pilot study.  Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation 20(6):377-382.




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